地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (9): 1845-1859.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202009003

• 气候与生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

1960—2019年西北地区气候变化中的Hiatus现象及特征

李哲1,2(), 丁永建3(), 陈艾姣1,2, 张智华1,2, 张世强1,2   

  1. 1. 西北大学陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室,西安 710127
    2. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    3. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-06 修回日期:2020-06-30 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 丁永建
  • 作者简介:李哲(1996-), 女, 陕西汉中人, 硕士生, 主要从事气候变化研究。E-mail: lizhe@stumail.nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0404302);国家自然科学基金项目(41730751)

Characteristics of warming hiatus of the climate change in Northwest China from 1960 to 2019

LI Zhe1,2(), DING Yongjian3(), CHEN Aijiao1,2, ZHANG Zhihua1,2, ZHANG Shiqiang1,2   

  1. 1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2019-09-06 Revised:2020-06-30 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • Contact: DING Yongjian
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFC0404302);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41730751)

摘要:

1998—2012年全球地表平均温度发生变暖停滞(Hiatus),然而Hiatus现象是否在全球各地均存在尚有争议,其在西北地区的表现及特征缺乏深入研究。本文基于1960—2019年气温地面观测数据,利用累积距平曲线、Mann-Kendall突变检验、滑动t检验及Yamamoto检验进行气候突变分析,结合线性倾向估计进行气候变化趋势分析,对西北地区气候变化中的Hiatus现象及其特征进行了探讨。结果表明:① 西北地区年均气温在1986年、1996年和2012年分别突变,1996年突变升温后在1998—2012年间保持高位震荡;② 1998—2012年间西北地区年均温变化率为-0.20 ℃/10a,呈现明显Hiatus现象,分季节看,冬季降温幅度最大,夏季仍保持升温,春季均温比秋、冬季提前1年开始和结束停滞期,从空间上看,西北地区东南部降温最显著,青藏高原不存在Hiatus;③ 2012年Hiatus结束后西北地区气温普遍快速升高,季节上以冬季升温最快,空间上以南疆升温最快。综合来看,1998—2012年的Hiatus现象在除青藏高原外的西北地区表现明显,停滞后的快速升温值得高度关注。

关键词: 气候变化, 变暖停滞, 突变检验, 中国西北地区

Abstract:

The mean global surface air temperature data indicate that there might be a global warming hiatus during 1998-2012. However, whether it existed around the world is still controversial, and the characteristics of the hiatus in Northwest China remain unclear. Based on the in-situ observation data of air temperature from 1960 to 2019, we analyzed the characteristic of hiatus in Northwest China through the cumulative anomaly curve, the Mann-Kendall test, Move-t test, the Yamamoto test and the linear trend estimation. The results showed that the statistically significant change-point of the annual mean air temperature in Northwest China was in 1986, 1996, and 2012, respectively. The air temperature suddenly rose in 1996, and then kept stable from 1998 to 2012. The annual mean air temperature showed an obvious cooling trend by -0.20 ℃ decade-1 in Northwest China from 1998 to 2012. Meanwhile, the annual mean air temperature in winter had the largest decrease rate and that of summer increased. The east of Northwest China displayed the most significant cooling during 1998-2012, and the Tibetan Plateau was still heating up at the same time. The air temperature of Northwest China rose substantially after 2012, especially in winter, and southern Xinjiang experienced the strongest warming during 2012-2019. Generally speaking, the warming hiatus was evident in Northwest China during 1998-2012 except the Tibetan Plateau. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the marked upward trend in air temperature after the hiatus in Northwest China due to the crucial environment.

Key words: climate change, warming hiatus, mutation test, Northwest China