地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (9): 1799-1830.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202009001

• 学科前沿 •    下一篇

1949—2019年中国自然地理学与生存环境应用研究进展

陈发虎1,2,3(), 吴绍洪3,4,5(), 崔鹏2,3,6, 蔡运龙7, 张镱锂2,3,4,5, 尹云鹤4,5, 刘国彬8, 欧阳竹3,4, 马巍9, 杨林生3,4,5, 吴铎10, 雷加强11, 张国友4,12, 邹学勇13, 陈晓清2,6, 谈明洪3,4,5, 王训明3,4, 包安明11, 程维新4, 党小虎14, 韦炳干4,5, 王国梁8, 王五一4,5, 张兴权4, 刘晓晨2,15, 李生宇11   

  1. 1. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所高寒生态重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学资源环境学院,北京 100190
    4. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    5. 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    6. 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041
    7. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871
    8. 西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,杨凌 712100
    9. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,兰州 730000
    10. 兰州大学资源环境学院 西部环境教育部重点实验室,兰州 730000
    11. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐 830011
    12. 中国地理学会,北京 100101
    13. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    14. 西安科技大学地质与环境学院,西安 710054
    15. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-03 修回日期:2020-08-20 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-11-25
  • 作者简介:陈发虎(1962-), 男, 陕西丹凤人, 博士, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 发展中国家科学院院士, 中国地理学会会员(S110004201M), 主要从事气候环境变化及史前人—环境相互作用研究。E-mail: fhchen@itpcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530749);国家自然科学基金项目(41842050)

Progress of applied research of physical geography and living environment in China from 1949 to 2019

CHEN Fahu1,2,3(), WU Shaohong3,4,5(), CUI Peng2,3,6, CAI Yunlong7, ZHANG Yili2,3,4,5, YIN Yunhe4,5, LIU Guobin8, OUYANG Zhu3,4, MA Wei9, YANG Linsheng3,4,5, WU Duo10, LEI Jiaqiang11, ZHANG Guoyou4,12, ZOU Xueyong13, CHEN Xiaoqing2,6, TAN Minghong3,4,5, WANG Xunming3,4, BAO Anming11, CHENG Weixin4, DANG Xiaohu14, WEI Binggan4,5, WANG Guoliang8, WANG Wuyi4,5, ZHANG Xingquan4, LIU Xiaochen2,15, LI Shengyu11   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Centre for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, CAS, Bejing 100101, China
    3. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Monitoring, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    6. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China
    7. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    8. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
    9. Northwest Institute of Ecological and Environmental Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    10. Key Laboratory ofWestern China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    11. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
    12. Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101, China
    13. Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    14. College of Geology and Environment, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710054, China
    15. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-03-03 Revised:2020-08-20 Published:2020-09-25 Online:2020-11-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530749);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41842050)

摘要:

自然地理学是一门以基础研究见长的自然科学,其研究对象是与人类生存和发展密切相关的自然环境。中国的自然环境复杂多样,自然地理学家根据国家需求和区域发展在应用基础和应用研究方面同样取得显著成效,为国家重大经济建设、社会发展的规划,宏观生态系统与资源环境保护及区域可持续发展做出了重要贡献。本文总结了1949—2019年中国自然地理学在自然环境区域差异与自然区划、土地利用与覆被变化、自然灾害致灾因子和风险防控、荒漠化过程与防治、黄淮海中低产田改造、冻土区工程建设、地球化学元素异常和地方病防治、自然地理要素定位观测、地理空间分异性识别和地理探测器等方面的实践与应用,指出了未来自然地理学的应用研究方向。

关键词: 自然地理学, 科学实践, 应用研究, 区域发展, 国家战略

Abstract:

Physical geography is a basic discipline of natural science. Since its research object is the natural environment, it is closely related to human survival and development. China's natural environment is complex and diverse; therefore, according to national demand and regional development needs, physical geographers have also made remarkable achievements in applied foundation and application, making important contributions to the planning of national major economic construction and social development, protection of macro-ecosystem and resources and environment, and regional sustainable development. This paper summarizes the practice and application of physical geography in China in the last 70 years (1949-2019), differences between the natural environment and natural zoning, land use/cover change, natural disasters and risk prevention and control, the process of desertification and its administration, lower-yield field transformation of Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, engineering construction of permafrost areas, geochemical element abnormity and endemic disease prevention and control, positioning observation of natural geographical factors, geographical spatial heterogeneity identification, and geographical detector. Finally, it proposes the future application research directions of physical geography.

Key words: physical geography, practices, application, regional development, national strategy