地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (8): 1790-1796.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202008016

• 地理信息 • 上一篇    下一篇

融合式研究趋势下的地理信息教学体系探索

乐阳1,2,3(), 李清泉2,3, 郭仁忠1,2,4   

  1. 1.深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院,深圳 518060
    2.广东省城市空间信息工程重点实验室,深圳 518060
    3.深圳市空间信息智能感知与服务重点实验室,深圳 518060
    4.深圳大学智慧城市研究院,深圳 518060
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-23 修回日期:2020-07-02 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 作者简介:乐阳(1973-), 女, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110013453M), 主要从事面向城市问题的大数据与GIS交叉研究。E-mail:yueyang@szu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671387);深圳市战略性新兴产业和未来产业发展专项资金(2017)

Curriculum design for urban informatics

YUE Yang1,2,3(), LI Qingquan2,3, GUO Renzhong1,2,4   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urban Informatics, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
    3. Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Spatial Smart Sensing and Services, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
    4. Research Institute for Smart Cities, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2018-10-23 Revised:2020-07-02 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671387);Shenzhen Strategic Innovative and Future Industry Development Fund(2017)

摘要:

城市研究的范式在大数据和人工智能的影响下已经发生了巨大变化。本文根据城市研究及地理信息科学的发展历程和学科脉络,提出城市空间信息学是社会和产业需求导向的一个新兴知识领域,也是融合式研究趋势下地理信息教学和研究的一个发展方向。城市规划和地理信息科学两大类专业虽然具备孵化出城市空间信息学人才的学科基础,但是其学科体系都需要较大的改变才能实现突破;从现有的学科设置的体系看,地理空间信息工程专业由于提供了同时培养学生系统思维、空间思维和计算思维的框架,具备发展城市空间信息学本科教育的入口。本文在此基础上提出了城市空间信息工程本科专业的培养方案设计思路,期望能够对城市空间信息学的学科发展以及教学研究带来讨论契机,并推动地理信息学科和城市规划学科的可持续发展。

关键词: 地理信息科学, 城市空间信息学, 新城市科学, 融合式研究, 新工科

Abstract:

GIScience is facing challenges in defining its discipline-specific knowledge and skills due to the rapid development of computer science. Meanwhile, the research paradigm of urban studies is shifting to more quantitative approaches with the emerging big data and various analytics tools. Based on the development pathways of GIScience, we argued that one direction of the future GIS is urban informatics by taking the advantage of spatial modelling and analysis technologies. The transformation from GIS/Geomatics to urban informatics requires transdisciplinary knowledge, methods, and tools to form a new teaching and research framework. An undergraduate curriculum for urban informatics is proposed in this paper based on the notion of transdisciplinary cooperation among GIS, computer science and urban studies, to foster system thinking, spatial thinking and computational thinking in urban informatics teaching. Researchers and educators from urban studies, geography, geomatics and GIS should work together to promote the development of this emerging discipline, so as to achieve more significant scientific discovery and innovations.

Key words: Geomatics, urban informatics, new urban science, Convergence Research, education reform