地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (8): 1773-1789.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202008015

• 交通与文化旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

西安曲江新区移民群体的地方意义建构与检验

胡宪洋1,2,3(), 白凯1,2,3(), 花菲菲1, 王利尖1   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
    2.陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室,西安 710119
    3.陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-12 修回日期:2020-04-15 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 白凯
  • 作者简介:胡宪洋(1988-), 男, 河北承德人, 博士, 讲师, 研究方向为文化地理。E-mail:huxy@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801130);国家自然科学基金项目(41671144);陕西省教育厅项目(19JK0332);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(GK202003063);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2019TS013)

The construction and examination of migrants' place meaning in Xi'an Qujiang New District

HU Xianyang1,2,3(), BAI Kai1,2,3(), HUA Feifei1, WANG Lijian1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi'an 710119, China
    3. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2019-08-12 Revised:2020-04-15 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Contact: BAI Kai
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801130);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671144);Research Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Province(19JK0332);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(GK202003063);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2019TS013)

摘要:

处于变革时代的移民群体正经历着“回不去的乡村,融不进的城市”的挑战,构建地方意义以促进移民群体更好地适应迁入地,成为流动性视角下地方研究的基础性与迫切性课题。本文引介地方意义的概念,在系统梳理相关文献的基础上,选择西安曲江新区为案例地,借由理论建构和实证检验的逻辑思路,对曲江新区移民群体的地方意义展开实证探讨。研究发现:移民群体地方意义的探索性理论模型包括自我认同、人地互动、人际互动和综合互动4个维度,互动过程发生在由自然、社会关系与价值构成的关系性地理架构之上;本文开发的移民群体地方意义测量量表,包含4个维度共计20个问项,经过探索性因子分析和验证性因子分析,验证了所建构模型的稳定性和适切性。此外,本文还对地方意义的实质、识别与形成的特点展开了讨论。本研究充实并完善了“地方”及“地方意义”的概念体系结构,部分回应了移民与人地关系研究的理论延伸与发展需要。

关键词: 地方意义, 曲江新区, 移民群体, 理论建构, 模型检验

Abstract:

In such an era of great transition, the migrants in China are on the horns of a dilemma — they cannot integrate into the cities, while the home villages are no longer their warm harbors. To help them acclimatize to the places of migration, constructing migrants' place meaning is a feasible solution, which therefore is a fundamental and urgent topic in the field of place research from the mobility perspective. One construction that researchers have used to understanding the human-environment connections is place meaning, which however has not been clearly defined and accurately measured in the previous studies. By employing the Q method and scale development, Study 1 investigates the dynamic nature of place meanings from the migrant's perspective, and develops a theoretical framework to explain the construction of place meanings. Through data analyses we identify four dimensions of the place meaning-self-identity, the interaction between migrants and others, the interaction between migrants and physical attributes, and synthetic interactions among migrants, others and physical environments. These interactions exist in a geographical framework consisting of nature, social relationship, and values. Study 2 designs a measuring scale of place meaning, which contains four dimensions with 20 items. Through the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, the results verify that the theoretical model of place meaning is valid and acceptable. In addition, this paper also leads to a discussion on the nature, the identification and the characteristics of the migrants' place meaning. This study has enriched and improved the concepts of place and place meaning and their system structures, which have partially responded to the theoretical and practical needs to extend the research on migration and human-environment connections.

Key words: place meaning, Xi'an Qujiang New District, migrants, theory construction, theory examination