地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (8): 1742-1756.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202008013

• 交通与文化旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游背景下传统仪式空间生产的三元互动实践

孙九霞1,2(), 许泳霞1, 王学基1,2   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2.中山大学旅游休闲与社会发展研究中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-08 修回日期:2020-03-12 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 作者简介:孙九霞(1969-), 女, 山东人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110008376M), 研究方向为旅游与地方发展、旅游人类学。E-mail:sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDB118);国家自然科学基金项目(41771160);教育部人文社会科学研究项目(19YJCZH175)

The ternary interactive practice of the production of traditional ritual space in the tourism context

SUN Jiuxia1,2(), XU Yongxia1, WANG Xueji1,2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Center for Tourism, Lesiure and Social Development, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2019-04-08 Revised:2020-03-12 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Supported by:
    Major Project of National Social Science Fundation of China(15ZDB118);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771160);Humanities and Social Foundation of Ministry of Education(19YJCZH175)

摘要:

仪式因其符号性和社会性成为空间研究和理论阐释的绝佳场域,在仪式与仪式空间研究中,仪式背后的社会关系及其对仪式空间的影响尚未得到充分重视。本文以安顺屯堡地戏和芒康加达村巴玛巴典为例,运用访谈法、观察法和文献分析法,回溯并分析两种仪式空间生产的过程与特征,刻画参与和影响仪式空间生产的社会关系,深入解析仪式空间的各个维度及空间生产的三元互动实践,力图比较和呈现旅游发展对地方传统仪式变迁的影响。研究发现,传统仪式的空间是仪式主体社会关系织就的空间,其空间生产本质上是社会关系与空间秩序“重构或调适”的过程;在旅游影响下的仪式空间生产中,空间表征与表征空间之间差异化的互动关系造就了仪式中差异化的空间实践;此外,仪式的空间生产隐含着对现代性消解的抵抗。本文构建了传统仪式空间生产的理论框架,为解读列斐伏尔空间生产与空间三元互动提供了新视角,以揭示旅游与地方文化变迁之间更为深刻的联系。

关键词: 旅游影响, 传统仪式, 社会关系, 仪式空间, 空间生产, 屯堡地戏, 巴玛巴典

Abstract:

Ritual has become an excellent field for space research and theoretical interpretation due to its symbolic and social nature. In the research of ritual and ritual space, the social relationship behind ritual and its impact on ritual space have not been fully taken into account. This study takes Tunpu Dixi and Bamabadian as examples, using the method of interview, observation and literature analysis, to trace back and analyze the process and characteristics of two ritual space productions, describe the social relations that participate in and influence the ritual space production, deeply analyze each dimension of ritual space and the ternary interactive practice of space production, and try to compare and present the impact of tourism development on the changes of local traditional rituals. The study found that the traditional ritual space is shaped by the social relations of the ritual subjects, and its space production is essentially a process of "restructuring or debugging" social relations and spatial order. In the ritual space production under the influence of tourism, the differentiated interactive relationship between the spatial representation and the representational space creates the differentiated ritual space practice. In addition, the ritual space production implies the resistance to the dissolution of modernity. This study builds a theoretical framework for traditional ritual space production, and provides a new perspective for interpreting and deepening Lefebvre's space ternary interaction, in order to reveal the deeper connection between tourism and local cultural changes.

Key words: tourism influence, traditional ritual, social relations, ritual space, production of space, Tunpu Dixi, Bamabadian