地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (8): 1680-1698.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202008009

• 区域与乡村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

重庆市乡村生产空间系统脆弱性时空分异与差异化调控

王成1(), 何焱洲2()   

  1. 1.西南大学西南山地生态循环农业国家级培育基地/乡村人居环境实验室 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2.中国城市规划设计研究院西部分院,重庆 401121
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 修回日期:2020-04-10 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 何焱洲
  • 作者简介:王成(1975-), 男, 重庆荣昌人, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事土地利用与乡村发展、乡村人居环境研究。E-mail:wchorange@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2018YFD110080403)

Spatio-temporal differentiation and differentiated regulation of the vulnerability of rural production space system in Chongqing

WANG Cheng1(), HE Yanzhou2()   

  1. 1. State Cultivation Base of Eco-Agriculture for Southwest Mountainous Land, The Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements, School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. China Academy of Urban Planning & Design Western Branch, Chongqing 401121, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2020-04-10 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Contact: HE Yanzhou
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2018YFD110080403)

摘要:

脆弱性作为乡村生产空间系统的重要属性,是探讨系统易受负面影响或损害程度的有效度量、解析系统可持续发展趋势的有效途径。以重庆市为研究区,以2007—2017年为研究时段,建立乡村生产空间系统脆弱性评价指标体系和评价模型,以定量测度乡村生产空间系统脆弱性,揭示其时空分异特征,进而划分脆弱性类型并提出差异化调控策略。结果表明:① 乡村生产空间系统脆弱性是系统运行状态的综合度量,包含暴露度、敏感性和适应能力3个要素,其体现了以“人”为核心的乡村多元主体与以“地”为核心的乡村生产空间之间相互影响、相互作用的互动制衡关系。② 乡村生产空间系统暴露度总体呈上升趋势及“局部突出、北高南低”的空间格局特征;敏感性总体呈波动下降趋势及“东高西低”的空间格局特征;适应能力总体呈快速上升趋势及“西高东低”的空间格局特征;脆弱性总体呈下降趋势及“东高西低”的空间格局特征。③ 将重庆市乡村生产空间系统脆弱性划分为适应能力脆弱型、暴露—敏感脆弱型、敏感—适应脆弱型和强综合脆弱型4种类型,并按照“生态优先—分类调控—重点突出—因地施策”原则针对不同类型提出差异化“降脆”策略,以引导乡村生产空间系统可持续发展。

关键词: 乡村生产空间系统, 脆弱性, 时空分异, 差异化调控, 重庆市

Abstract:

Vulnerability, one of the major properties of rural production space system (RPSS), is an effective measure in how system will be susceptible to negative effects or damage, as well as the way to achieving sustainable development of the system. This study establishes an evaluation index system and model of the vulnerability of RPSS and quantitatively measures the RPSS vulnerability of Chongqing from 2007 to 2017 to reveal its spatio-temporal differentiation. Accordingly it identifies vulnerability types and proposes targeted regulation strategies. The results are shown as follows. (1) The vulnerability of the RPSS is a comprehensive measure of the operating state of the system consisting of exposure, sensitivity and adaptability. It embodies the balance relationship of mutual influence and interaction that lies between rural diversified subjects centered on "human" and the rural production space centered on "land". (2) On the whole, the exposure of the RPSS shows an upward trend and a spatial pattern of "partly prominent, high in the north and low in the south"; the sensitivity shows a downward trend of fluctuation and a spatial pattern of "high in the east and low in the west"; the adaptability shows a rapidly increasing trend and a spatial pattern of "high in the west and low in the east". The overall vulnerability of RPSS presents a downward trend and the spatial pattern of "high in the east and low in the west". (3) After dividing the vulnerability of the RPSS into four types, namely, including adaptability type, exposure-sensitivity type, sensitivity-adaptation type, and strong comprehensive type, and based on the principle of "ecological priority - classified regulation - highlight emphasis - local adaptation", this study proposes differentiated "vulnerability reduction" strategies for different types, so as to guide the sustainable development of RPSS.

Key words: rural production space system, vulnerability, spatio-temporal differentiation, differentiated regulation, Chongqing