地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (8): 1617-1632.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202008005

• 区域与乡村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

行政区划调整对政区位势的影响与定量化测度

王开泳1(), 冯润东1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-16 修回日期:2020-03-23 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 作者简介:王开泳(1980-), 男, 山东滕州人, 博士, 副研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110006006M), 主要从事行政区划与城市发展研究。E-mail:wangky@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871151)

Quantitative simulation and empirical analysis of regional effects of administrative division adjustment from the perspective of coordinated development

WANG Kaiyong1(), FENG Rundong1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-01-16 Revised:2020-03-23 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871151)

摘要:

行政区划是国家治理和社会发展的重要支撑,行政区划调整是促进区域协调发展的重要手段。在全球化与区域化背景下,适时推进行政区划调整是重构区域发展格局,改变区域政区位势的基本途径。本文立足于区域协调发展的视角,构建基于区域相互作用理论、空间场能模型和幂指数函数的政区位势模型,以合肥—芜湖地区为例,测算2011年原巢湖地级市拆分后其政区位势的变化情况以及对区域协调发展的影响效能。研究表明:① 政区位势与政区的行政管辖能力、行政资源和区域协调发展潜力密切相关。② 2005—2015年期间研究区整体政区位势和协调发展潜力增幅分别由地级巢湖市撤销前的61.79%和0.21%提高到116.51%和3.05%;且行政区划调整后政区位势增速明显快于经济发展与人口增速。③ 运用政区位势模型能对行政区划调整进行测度和空间化表达,其测度结果既能与社会发展等复杂影响相区别,又能与真实的社会经济发展状况相符合,既重视个体发展又兼顾区域协调发展。行政区划调整能显著提高研究区的政区位势,促进社会经济进步,且有利于破除空间障碍和行政壁垒,推进区域协调可持续发展。

关键词: 行政区划调整, 政区位势模型, 协调发展, 区域空间效应, 巢湖市

Abstract:

Administrative divisions are the important foundation of national governance and social development, and the adjustment of administrative divisions is a critical way to promote regional coordinated development. Under the background of globalization and regionalization, timely adjustment of administrative divisions is a major step to reconstruct the regional development pattern and change the administrative rank potential energy of relevant regional governments. In the perspective of regional coordinated development, this paper constructs a regional administrative rank potential energy model based on the theory of regional interaction, spatial field energy model and power exponential function. Taking Hefei-Wuhu region as an example, this paper examines the change of administrative rank potential energy and its effect on regional coordinated development after the dismantling of the former Chaohu prefecture-level city. The results show that: (1) administrative rank potential energy is closely related to the administrative jurisdiction, administrative resources and the potential of regional coordinated development. (2) During 2005-2015, the growth rate of the overall administrative rank potential energy and coordinated development potential of the study area increased from 61.79% and 0.21% before the withdrawal of prefecture-level Chaohu city to 116.51% and 3.05% respectively. After the adjustment of administrative divisions, the growth rate of administrative rank potential energy is much higher than that of economic development and population increase. (3) The model of administrative rank potential energy can measure and express the adjustment of administrative divisions spatially. The result of the model is different from the complex influence brought by factors such as social development, which accords with the real status of social and economic development. The adjustment of administrative divisions focuses on both individual development and regional integration. It can not only significantly improve the administrative rank potential energy of the study area, promote social and economic development, but also help to break down spatial barriers and administrative barriers, and promote regional coordination and sustainable development.

Key words: administrative division adjustment, administrative rank potential energy, coordinated development, regional effects, Chaohu city