地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (6): 1272-1286.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202006013

• 城乡研究与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

论乡村空间治理与城乡融合发展

戈大专1, 龙花楼2()   

  1. 1.南京师范大学地理科学学院 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023;
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-09 修回日期:2020-04-25 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼 E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:戈大专(1987-), 男, 江苏新沂人, 博士后, 硕士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110011568M), 主要从事乡村空间治理与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: gedz@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901204);国家自然科学基金项目(41971216);国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);中国博士后科学基金(2019M660109);中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室开放基金(KF2018-02);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20190717);江苏省社会科学基金项目(19GLC002)

Rural spatial governance and urban-rural integration development

GE Dazhuan1, LONG Hualou2()   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-12-09 Revised:2020-04-25 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901204);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971216);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2019M660109);Funds from Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling(KF2018-02);Jiangsu Provincial Science Foundation(BK20190717);Jiangsu Provincial Social Science Foundation(19GLC002)

摘要:

构建现代乡村治理体系成为推动城乡融合发展和乡村振兴的重要内容。破解乡村空间利用过程中出现的发展空间受限、权属关系不明和组织体系不畅等系统性问题,成为乡村空间治理的首要任务。本文从乡村空间“物质—权属—组织”综合治理的视角出发,尝试解析乡村空间治理在推动乡村空间重构、权属关系重塑和组织体系重建中的作用机制,并进一步探讨乡村空间治理优化城乡格局、改善城乡互动关系、推动城乡融合发展的可行路径。结论如下:物质空间治理可作为乡村空间结构和功能优化的重要手段,空间权属治理有助于保障乡村空间不同参与主体的发展权利,空间组织治理可提升乡村空间的组织效率;乡村空间治理导向的“人口—土地—产业”转型过程为“深化空间治理—活化乡村空间—优化人地关系—改善城乡格局”的分析思路创造条件;乡村空间治理推动城乡发展格局不断演化,城乡互动关系改善成为推动城乡融合发展和破解乡村发展困境的重要依据。最后,本文构建了乡村空间治理与城乡融合发展互动分析框架,并探讨了乡村空间治理与国土空间规划的内在关系及研究趋势。

关键词: 乡村治理, 城乡融合, 空间治理, 乡村空间重构, 乡村振兴, 城乡关系, 空间规划

Abstract:

The construction of the modern rural governance system becomes an important part in promoting the urban-rural integration development and rural vitalization. Solving systemic problems such as limited development space, unclear ownership relationship and inefficient organization in the process of using rural space has become the primary task of rural spatial governance. Based on the breakthrough of the comprehensive governance of "matter-ownership-organization" in rural space, this paper attempts to analyze the mechanism of rural space governance in promoting rural space restructuring, ownership reshaping and organizational system reconstruction, and further explores the feasible path of rural space governance to optimize the urban-rural pattern, improve the urban-rural interaction, and promote the urban-rural integration development. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Physical space governance facilitates the optimization of rural spatial structure, the space ownership governance safeguards the development rights of different stakeholders, and the space organization governance enhances rural organizational capabilities. The comprehensive governance of "matter-ownership-organization" in rural space helps to impel the restructuring of rural space, the reshaping of ownership relations and the reconstructing of organizational system, to achieve the goals of the modern rural space governance system with clear rural space ownership. (2) The "population-land-industry" transformation path guided by rural space governance creates conditions for the analysis of "deepening space governance-activating rural space-optimizing human-land relationship-improving the urban-rural pattern". (3) Rural space governance promotes the continuous evolution of urban-rural development, and the improvement of urban-rural interaction becomes an important basis for upgrading urban-rural integration development and solving the dilemma of rural development. Finally, this paper constructs an analytical framework and feasible path for the interaction between rural space governance and the urban-rural integration development, and explores the internal relationship and research trends of rural space governance and territory spatial planning.

Key words: rural governance, urban-rural integration, spatial governance, rural spatial restructuring, rural vitalization, urban-rural relationship, spatial planning