地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (6): 1256-1271.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202006012

• 城乡研究与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市轨道交通和建成环境对居民步行行为的影响

黄晓燕1,2, 曹小曙1,2(), 殷江滨1,2, 马瑞光3   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学西北国土资源研究中心,西安 710119;
    2.陕西师范大学西北城镇化与国土环境空间模拟重点实验室,西安 710119;
    3.西安交通大学经济与金融学院,西安 710061
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-22 修回日期:2020-03-02 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 曹小曙 E-mail:caoxsh@snnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄晓燕(1981-), 女, 云南西双版纳人, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事城市地理与城乡规划研究。E-mail: hxiaoy@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871168);国家自然科学基金项目(41831284);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2018JM4006);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2018JM4022);陕西师范大学青年学术带头人及学术骨干资助计划(18QNGG013)

The influence of urban transit and built environment on walking

HUANG Xiaoyan1,2, CAO Xiaoshu1,2(), YIN Jiangbin1,2, MA Ruiguang3   

  1. 1. Northwest Land and Resources Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China;
    2. Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Environment Simulator in Northwest China, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China;
    3. School of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China
  • Received:2018-10-22 Revised:2020-03-02 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: CAO Xiaoshu E-mail:caoxsh@snnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41831284);Shaanxi Province Natural Science Basic Research Program(2018JM4006);Shaanxi Province Natural Science Basic Research Program(2018JM4022);Funded Projects for the Academic Leaders and Academic Backbone(18QNGG013)

摘要:

步行作为一种主要的交通方式和日常体力活动形式,其与公共交通使用和建成环境的关系是城市地理学和公共健康研究的热点。目前城市轨道交通对步行行为的影响研究相对不足,且在中国的实证研究中对于自选择问题的控制尚未引起足够重视。基于2014年西安市建成环境与居民出行行为微观调查数据,采用匹配对照的准实验研究设计,通过自选择效应的控制,本文探究并区分了城市轨道交通及建成环境对交通和休闲步行频率的影响。研究发现:① 出行态度和偏好等自选择因素对个人步行频率具有重要影响。② 控制了个人社会经济属性和自选择因素后,受访者对建成环境的感知极大地影响了步行频率。③ 客观建成环境变量对于步行频率的影响与发达国家的实证研究结果存在一定差异。无论交通步行还是休闲步行频率模型中,均未发现密度的显著影响。客观建成环境变量中周边购物及餐饮设施数量和常规公交站点数量对交通步行频率产生显著正效应,但对休闲步行并不产生显著影响。④ 地铁对交通步行频率具有显著的独立影响。本研究有助于进一步了解城市居民步行出行背后的影响因素,并为通过优化城市土地利用规划来引导城市居民绿色和健康出行的政策制定提供启示。

关键词: 城市轨道交通, 建成环境, 自选择, 步行行为

Abstract:

Walking, as both a major mode of transport and the most common form of every-day physical activity, deserves further attention in urban geography and public health studies. The control of self-selection has not attracted enough attention in the empirical studies in China, and there is insufficient research on the behavior of distinguishing different walking purposes. Based on the micro survey data of the built environment and residents' travel behavior in Xi'an city in 2014, the quasi-experimental study design of matching case control was adopted. By controlling the self-selection effect brought by travel attitude, this paper explored and distinguished the impact of urban rail transit itself and built environment on walking behavior. Research findings are listed as follows. (1) Self-selection factors such as travel attitude and preference have a critical influence on individual walking behavior. (2) After controlling of individual socio-economic attributes and self-selection factors, the respondents' perception of built environment greatly affected the walking frequency. (3) There is a certain difference of the impact of objective built environment variables on walking behavior between China and developed countries. No significant effect of density was found in walking frequency models of transport or leisure walking. The number of shopping stores and the number of bus stations in the objective built environment variables has a significant positive effect on the transport walking frequency. However, for leisure walking, these built environment variables do not have significant impact. (4) Subway has a significant independent influence on the transport walking frequency. These conclusions can help to further understand the influencing factors and mechanism behind urban residents' pedestrian travel behavior and provide enlightenment for urban transportation and urban planning policies that guide urban residents to green and healthy travel by optimizing urban land use planning.

Key words: urban transit, built environment, self-selection, walking