地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (6): 1170-1184.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202006006

• “一带一路”案例研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

铁路技术跨越式转移的制度—经济—文化适应性——基于亚吉铁路的实证分析

王成金1,2, 谢永顺1,2, 陈沛然1,2,3, 李绪茂1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049;
    3.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-07 修回日期:2020-04-17 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 作者简介:王成金(1975-), 男, 山东沂水人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事交通地理与区域发展研究。E-mail: cjwang@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导专项(XDA20010101);中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2017-4)

Institutional-economic-cultural adaptability of overseas railway construction: A case study of Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway

WANG Chengjin1,2, XIE Yongshun1,2, CHEN Peiran1,2,3, LI Xumao1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-10-07 Revised:2020-04-17 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA20010101);Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(ZDRW-ZS-2017-4)

摘要:

国家在制度、经济、文化、技术等要素之间组成相互支撑、制衡、嵌套的平衡系统,而技术的跨越式转移将会引起系统的失衡,造成“技术—环境”摩擦效应。本文试图构建技术与制度、经济、文化平衡系统概念模型,进而凝练铁路—制度—经济—文化平衡系统模型,并以亚吉铁路为例,分析铁路技术跨越式转移与属地国制度—经济—文化系统的适应性。研究表明,埃塞俄比亚和吉布提仍处于农牧业阶段,而亚吉铁路作为电气化铁路技术,属于“跨越式”的技术转移,脱离了属地国的既有发展基础,造成铁路技术与制度、经济、文化的不适应性。本文的研究结论可以为中国企业在全球尤其是欠发达国家承担铁路建设运维与推广中国铁路技术标准提供理论指导。

关键词: 铁路技术, 跨越式转移, 平衡系统, 适应性, 亚吉铁路

Abstract:

The development of a country at a certain stage is an outcome of a long-term historical accumulation process, which forms a mutually adaptive state of development among the main national factors such as institution, economic, cultural and technological systems. And the technology transfer breaking through the original level will cause a disorder among the institutional-economic-cultural-technological systems (IECT system), and produce the frictional effect of technology-environment. This paper constructed a conceptual model on the complex system among the institution, economy, culture and technology, and analyzed its major features. Then, we simplified the above model into railway-institution-economic-cultural model (RIEC system) and probed the adaptive mechanism between railway and institutional-economic-cultural system. Furthermore, we explored the institutional-economic-cultural adaptability of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway. This article insists that Ethiopia and Djibouti had not experienced the large-scale industrialization. As an electrified railway, the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway is a "spanning transfer" of the technology and there is a misplacement between this railway and the developing stage of Ethiopia and Djibouti. And the construction and operation of this railway brought out an obvious challenge for the institutional-economic-cultural development of these two countries, which resulted in the inadaptability of local institutional, economic and cultural system, and the unbalance of RIEC system. This study can provide a scientific guidance for China's enterprises to construct railways and spread China's railway standard in the world especially in the less-developed countries.

Key words: railway technology, spanning transfer, balance system, adaptability, Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway