地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (6): 1109-1119.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202006001

• 理论探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

美丽中国建设的地理学使命与人地系统耦合路径

葛全胜, 方创琳(), 江东   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-18 修回日期:2020-06-02 出版日期:2020-06-25 发布日期:2020-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 方创琳 E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:葛全胜(1963-), 男, 安徽安庆人, 研究员, 主要从事自然地理学、全球变化与可持续发展研究。E-mail: geqs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41942004);中国科学院战略科技先导专项(XDA23000000)

Geographical missions and coupling ways between human and nature for the Beautiful China Initiative

GE Quansheng, FANG Chuanglin(), JIANG Dong   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-05-18 Revised:2020-06-02 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-08-25
  • Contact: FANG Chuanglin E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41942004);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23000000)

摘要:

美丽中国是一个天蓝地绿、山清水秀、强大富裕、人地和谐的可持续发展强国。建设美丽中国是落实联合国2030年可持续发展目标的中国实践和国家样板,是推进人与自然和谐发展、守住“绿水青山”赢得“金山银山”的重要手段。地理学作为服务国家经济社会发展的交叉应用学科,其综合性和区域性特点决定了地理学家肩负着建设美丽中国、筑造美好家园的历史使命,责无旁贷地率先成为美丽中国建设的先行者和实践者,地理学倡导的人地系统耦合论是美丽中国建设的理论基石,地理学的学科交叉与综合集成是美丽中国建设与调控人地关系的实践手段,地理学的复杂系统模拟和优化方法为美丽中国建设的人地系统耦合路径选择提供了科学工具,综合地理区划是因地制宜地建设美丽中国的分区基础。地理学推进美丽中国建设的人地系统耦合路径包括:开展美丽中国建设的重大科技攻关和人地耦合试验示范;进行美丽中国建设的动态评估与人地耦合监测;编制美丽中国建设的人地系统耦合路线图与“十四五”规划行动方案;树立美丽国土观,在《全国国土空间规划纲要》中充分体现美丽中国建设目标;因地制宜地做好美丽中国建设的人地系统耦合区划,建设好美丽城市群和美丽公园群;先行开展美丽中国建设样板试点,总结美丽中国建设的人地系统耦合模式。通过这些耦合路径确保全国及各省市区按照美丽中国建设的时间表和路线图逐步接近目标值,在“比美健美”的竞建行动中实现美丽中国建设的总目标。

关键词: 美丽中国, 地理学使命, 人地系统耦合, 调控路径

Abstract:

Beautiful China Initiative (BCI) aims at sustainable development with blue sky and green land, lucid waters and lush mountains, prosperous society and rich people, and harmony between humans and nature. The BCI is a Chinese practice to implement the SDGs 2030 of the United Nations, and an important method to promote the harmonious development between humans and nature and to win the gold and silver mountains by maintaining clear waters and green mountains. Geography, an applied cross-discipline serving the country's socio-economic development, has comprehensive and regional characteristics. Geographers shoulder the historical mission of building a beautiful China, and are duty-bound to take the lead in becoming pioneers and practitioners of the BCI. The theory of pericoupling and telecoupling between humans and nature is the theoretical foundation of the BCI. The interdisciplinary and comprehensive integration of geography is the practical means for the BCI. The complex system simulation and optimization of geography provide a scientific tool for coupling ways between humans and nature of the BCI. The main coupling ways for geography to promote the BCI include: carry out major scientific and technological projects and coupling demonstrations; perform dynamic assessment and monitoring of the coupled human and natural systems for the BCI; draw up the strategic coupling roadmap and the action plan of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for the BCI; build a concept of beautiful land to comply with the objectives of the National Territorial Space Plan of China; develop a comprehensive regionalization of coupled human and natural systems in accordance with local conditions, and build a group of beautiful urban agglomerations and national parks; undertake pilot projects for the construction of Beautiful China and summarize the regional coupling models for the BCI. These coupling paths will ensure that the whole country and each of its provincial-level region are getting closer to the target according to the schedule and roadmap for building a beautiful China, and diverse regions will achieve the overall goals in the competition.

Key words: Beautiful China Initiative, geographical missions, coupled human and natural systems, regulatory ways