地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (5): 975-988.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202005007

• 土地覆被变化与生态系统服务 • 上一篇    下一篇

伏牛山地区森林生态系统服务权衡/协同效应多尺度分析

张静静, 朱文博, 朱连奇(), 李艳红   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-27 修回日期:2020-03-12 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 朱连奇 E-mail:lqzhu@henu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张静静(1991-), 女, 河南柘城人, 博士, 主要从事全球变化与生态系统服务研究。E-mail: zhang1126x@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671090);国家重点基础研究发展计划(2015CB452702)

Multi-scale analysis of trade-off/synergy effects of forest ecosystem services in the Funiu Mountain Region

ZHANG Jingjing, ZHU Wenbo, ZHU Lianqi(), LI Yanhong   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
  • Received:2019-03-27 Revised:2020-03-12 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: ZHU Lianqi E-mail:lqzhu@henu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671090);National Basic Research Program of China(2015CB452702)

摘要:

森林生态系统服务权衡与协同研究已成为当前相关学科的研究热点和前沿,对服务权衡与协同关系的多尺度分析有助于更加有效地实施森林资源管理。综合森林类型图、NDVI、气象和土壤等多源数据,借助CASA模型、InVEST 3.2模型和ArcGIS 10.2软件,开展伏牛山地区森林生态系统服务评估,运用空间叠置方法从多个空间尺度(区域、南北坡、垂直带)探讨服务权衡与协同效应。结果表明:① 研究区森林生态系统平均蓄积量为49.26 m 3/hm 2,碳密度为156.94 t/hm 2,供水深度为494.46 mm,土壤保持量为955.4 t/hm 2,生境质量指数为0.79。② 区域尺度上,28.79%的森林服务之间存在高协同效应,10.15%的森林存在低协同效应,61.06%的森林存在强权衡和弱权衡效应。③ 南北坡尺度上,南坡服务之间的协同关系优于北坡。垂直带尺度上,南坡中山落叶阔叶林带(SIII)服务之间协同关系最好,北坡低山落叶阔叶林带(NI)协同关系最差。

关键词: 森林生态系统服务, 权衡/协同, 多尺度, CASA模型, InVEST模型, 伏牛山地区

Abstract:

Forest ecosystem service trade-offs and synergies are important research topics for several disciplines. The multi-scale analysis of service trade-offs and synergies assists in the implementation of more effective forest resource management. Based on multi-source data including forest distribution, topography, NDVI, meteorology and soil conditions, key forest ecosystem services, including total forest volume, carbon storage, water yield, soil retention and habitat quality were mapped and evaluated for the Funiu Mountain Region through integrated deployment of the CASA model, the InVEST3.2 model and the ArcGIS10.2 software. The characteristics of trade-offs and synergies among different ecosystem services were then mapped and considered across multiple spatial scales (i.e., by region, north and south slopes, vertical belt) using the spatial overlay analysis method. The main results are as follows: (1) Mean forest volume is 49.26 m 3/hm 2, carbon density is 156.94 t/hm 2, water supply depth is 494.46 mm, the unit amount of soil retention is 955.4 t/hm 2, and the habitat quality index is 0.79. (2) The area of forests with good synergy is 28.79%, and the area of forests with poor synergy is 10.15%, while about 61.06% of forests show severe trade-offs and weak trade-offs. The overall benefits of forest ecosystem services in the study area are still low. In the future, bad synergy and severe trade-off areas should be the focus of forest resource management and efficiency regulation. (3) Synergy between ecosystem services is better for forest on south slope than that on north slope. Deciduous broad-leaved forest belt at moderate elevations on south slope in the mountains (SIII) has the highest synergies, while that at low elevations on north slope (NI) exhibits the lowest synergy levels.

Key words: forest ecosystem services, trade-off/synergy, multi-scale analysis, CASA, InVEST, Funiu Mountain Region