地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (3): 509-528.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202003006

• 地表过程 • 上一篇    下一篇

70年来中国风沙地貌学的发展

董治宝, 吕萍   

  1. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-25 修回日期:2020-01-13 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 作者简介:董治宝(1966-), 男, 陕西人, 教授, 主要从事风沙物理研究。E-mail: zbdong@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871008);国家自然科学基金项目(41871011)

Development of aeolian geomorphology in China in the past 70 years

DONG Zhibao, LYU Ping   

  1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2019-07-25 Revised:2020-01-13 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-05-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871008);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871011)

摘要:

风是除流水之外塑造地球景观的第二大流体,以其为外营力形成的风沙地貌在全球干旱区广泛分布,超过40%的全球陆地面积受风沙地貌过程的影响,与人类生存环境存在着密切的关系,19世纪末以来受到国际学术界的持续关注。中国干旱半干旱地区广泛发育风沙地貌,但风沙地貌研究比国际研究晚半个多世纪,始于20世纪50年代后期。本文总结了新中国成立70年来中国风沙地貌学发展的3个阶段:初创阶段(1949—1977年)、充实发展阶段(1978—1999年)和国际化研究阶段(2000年至今)。现在中国风沙地貌研究的水平整体与国际并行,部分领先。中国具有重要国际影响力的风沙地貌研究工作包括沙丘移动规律、风沙地貌区域综合研究、中国独特风沙地貌发育演变过程、戈壁地貌学研究、沙丘二次流以及地外星球的探索研究。中国风沙地貌学研究有在未来领跑国际研究的潜势,但风沙地貌学家必需有4个方面的战略思考,即综合集成、地球系统科学引领、全球视野和深空时代的发展。

关键词: 风沙地貌, 中国沙漠, 研究进展

Abstract:

Wind is the second largest fluid shaping the earth's landscape besides water. The aeolian landform formed by wind is widely distributed in the global arid regions, and more than 40% of the land area is affected by the aeolian process in the world. Owing to a close relationship with the human's living environment, aeolian geomorphology has received continuous attention from the international academia since the end of the 19th century. Although aeolian landforms are widely distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of China, the relevant study started in the late 1950s. This paper summarizes the development of aeolian geomorphology during the past 70 years in China, which has experienced three stages: the initial stage before reform and opening-up; the development stage between the reform and opening-up to the end of the 20th century; and international stage since the beginning of the 21st century, even partially beyond the international standard nowadays. There are many influential achievements in China, including dunes movement, regional comprehensive study on aeolian landforms, formation and evolution process of unique aeolian landforms, Gobi, the secondary flow around dunes and the exploration of extraterrestrial planets. Aeolian research in China has the potential to lead the international aeolian research in the future, but the aeolian geomorphologists must have following strategic thinking on meta-synthesis, the guidance of the earth system science, the global view and development of the outer space era.

Key words: aeolian geomorphology, deserts of China, research development