地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (2): 382-397.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202002012

• 农业与乡村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

传统村落文化景观保护性补偿模型及湘西实证

刘春腊1,2, 徐美3, 刘沛林4(), 曾凡超1   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,长沙 410081
    2. 湖南师范大学地理空间大数据挖掘与应用湖南省重点实验室,长沙 410081
    3. 中南林业科技大学旅游学院,长沙 410004
    4. 长沙学院经济与管理学院,长沙 410022
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-17 修回日期:2019-10-11 出版日期:2020-02-25 发布日期:2020-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘沛林 E-mail:liu_peilin@126.com
  • 作者简介:刘春腊(1985-), 男, 博士, 副教授, 研究方向为人文地理与区域发展。E-mail:liuchunla111@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601143);湖南省科技支撑计划项目(2016SK2019);国家社科基金重大项目(16ZDA159)

Cultural landscape protection compensation model of traditional villages and its application in Xiangxi

LIU Chunla1,2, XU Mei3, LIU Peilin4(), ZENG Fanchao1   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application, Hunan Province, Changsha 410081, China
    3. College of Tourism, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
    4. College of Economic and Management, Changsha University, Changsha 410022, China
  • Received:2018-07-17 Revised:2019-10-11 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Contact: LIU Peilin E-mail:liu_peilin@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China(41601143);Science and Technology Planning Project of Hunan Province(2016SK2019);Major project of the Social Science Fund of China(16ZDA159)

摘要:

本文提出了传统村落文化景观保护性补偿的理论框架,基于理论框架构建了传统村落文化景观保护性补偿模型。以湖南省湘西州为例,甄别驱动因素、佐证补偿模型。结果表明:① 从传统建筑风貌、村落选址和格局、村落非物质文化遗产活态传承及其村落社会经济发展水平看,湘西传统村落符合实施文化景观保护性补偿的条件;② 从景观特性及价值、外部市场认可度、自我损失、政府管理等层面而言,湘西传统村落文化景观保护性补偿符合所提出的补偿模型;③ 从驱动因素看,湘西82个中国传统村落文化景观保护性补偿特征符合模型中的景观特性、政府管理、外部市场和自我损失综合驱动型;④ 湘西传统村落文化景观保护性补偿可划分为社会经济补偿型、历史文化补偿型和自然环境补偿型,各类型的社会经济、历史文化、自然环境等因素均影响补偿模型结构。

关键词: 传统村落, 文化景观, 保护, 补偿, 湘西

Abstract:

Cultural landscape protection compensation is a new topic in modern human geography. In this paper, we firstly proposed the theoretical framework of cultural landscape protection compensation of traditional villages, and then set up the cultural landscape protection compensation model on the basis of proposed theoretical framework. Finally, we discriminated the driving factors and offered a proof to the model, which takes Xiangxi nationality autonomous prefecture in Hunan province as a case study. The results can be concluded as follows: (1) From the aspects of the traditional architectural style, the location and pattern of villages, dynamical inheritance of the intangible cultural heritage of villages, and the level of their social and economic development of villages, traditional villages in Xiangxi conforming to the implementation conditions of cultural landscape protection compensation. (2) From the aspects of landscape characteristics and values, external market recognition, self-loss, government management, etc., cultural landscape protection compensation of traditional villages in Xiangxi conforms to the proposed cultural landscape protection compensation model. (3) From the aspects of its driving factors, cultural landscape protection compensation features of the 82 traditional villages in Xiangxi are in accordance with the comprehensive driving mode of landscape characteristics, government management, external market and self-loss. (4) In the traditional villages of Xiangxi, the cultural landscape protection compensation can be divided into three types, namely, social and economic compensation, historical and cultural compensation, and natural environment compensation. The factors of each type, such as social economy, historical culture, natural environment, all influence the structure of the compensation model.

Key words: traditional villages, cultural landscape, protection, compensation, Xiangxi