地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (2): 211-225.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202002001

• 理论探索 •    下一篇

博台线—中国区域发展均衡线的重要功能与建设构想

方创琳1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-05 修回日期:2019-12-27 出版日期:2020-02-25 发布日期:2020-04-25
  • 作者简介:方创琳(1966-), 男, 甘肃庆阳人, 研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110001715M), 研究方向为城市地理、城市群发展与城镇化的资源环境效应等。E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590840);国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590842)

Bole-Taipei Line: The important function and basic conception as a line for regional balanced development

FANG Chuanglin1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Revised:2019-12-27 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41590840);Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41590842)

摘要:

推动区域协调发展战略是中国新时期的重大战略之一,面对中国区域发展不平衡不充分的现实,客观上需要构筑一条或多条支撑区域协调均衡发展的主轴线,成为表征区域均衡发展格局的标志线。反复审视中国区域发展版图并计算发现,垂直于胡焕庸线的博台线(连接新疆博乐市与台湾省台北市的西北—东南走向的轴线)可建成中国区域发展均衡线。2016年博台线西南半壁与东北半壁国土面积占比为59:41,而两侧人口占比约为45:55,经济总量占比约为41:59,并分别向50:50的平衡格局演变;两侧人均GDP比值为44:56,人口密度比值为38:62,经济密度比值为32:68,城镇化水平比值为48:52,主要均量指标都逐步趋向1:1的均衡发展格局。进一步分析发现,博台线是连接“一带一路”双核心区的战略扁担线,是国家安宁和台湾回归的祖国和平统一线,是综合交通运输通道支撑连接的实体线和国家城市与城市群发展的琵琶型对称线,也是双向对外开放的中坚线、海陆联动发展的对接线,更是促进东中西部、南北协调发展、解决地区发展不平衡不充分的重要分界线,博台线对推动国家区域协调均衡发展具有不可替代的重要功能与战略作用。建议将博台线建设纳入国家发展战略,制定博台线发展战略规划,充分释放博台线承载的多重潜在功能,突出建设博台线上西北端点、中部战略节点和东南端点三大战略支撑点;开展对博台线的综合科学考察,加大对博台线的科学认知与宣传力度,让中国认识博台线,让世界了解博台线;把博台线建成国家发展的战略脊梁线,让博台线成为破解胡焕庸线、缩小地区发展差距的新路径。

关键词: 博台线, 区域发展均衡线, 胡焕庸线, 重要功能, 国家发展战略脊梁线, 建设构想

Abstract:

Promoting regional coordinated development strategy is one of the most important strategies in the new period of China. Faced with the reality of unbalanced and insufficient regional development in China, it is objectively necessary to construct one or more main axes supporting the coordinated and balanced development of regions to become the identification line representing the pattern of coordinated regional development. The results show that the Bo-Tai line, the northwest-southeast axis connecting Bole of Xinjiang and Taipei of Taiwan, can be built into a national development backbone line and regional balanced development line, just perpendicular to the Hu Line. In 2016, the area of southwest half and northeast half of Bo-Tai Line accounts for 59:41, while the population accounts for 45:55, the economic aggregate accounts for 40:60, the per capita GDP ratio accounts for 44:56, the population density ratio accounts for 38:62, the economic density ratio accounts for 32:68, and the urbanization level ratio accounts for 48:52. The main average indicators gradually tend to present a balanced development pattern. Further analysis shows that Bo-Tai Line is a strategic shoulder pole connecting two core zones of the Belt and Road, and is the peaceful reunification line of China's national tranquility and Taiwan's return. The Bo-Tai Line is also a solid line supported and connected by comprehensive transportation channels and a Pipa type symmetrical line for the development of cities and urban agglomerations. It is the backbone of the two-way opening up and the linkage development line between land and sea. It is also an important dividing line that promotes the coordinated development of the eastern, central and western regions, and addresses the imbalance and inadequacy of regional development. The Bo-Tai Line plays an irreplaceable strategic role in promoting the coordinated and balanced regional development. It is suggested that the construction of Bo-Tai Line should be included in the national development strategy, and the development strategic plan of Bo-Tai Line should be formulated to fully release the multiple potential functions. We should build three strategic support points (the northwest endpoint, the central strategic node and the southeast endpoint), carry out a comprehensive scientific investigation of the Bo-Tai Line, and strengthen the scientific cognition and publicity, and promote China's development in a higher-level, higher-quality, more coordinated, safer and more civilized direction. And we should make the Bo-Tai Line known to China and the world, and let the Bo-Tai Line truly become the backbone of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Key words: Bo-Tai Line, identification line for regional balanced development, Hu Huanyong Line, important function, backbone of the national development strategy, construction conception