地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (12): 2482-2494.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201912005

• 区域发展格局与空间治理研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

多元交通流视角下的空间级联系统比较与地理空间约束

王姣娥1,2, 杜德林1,2, 金凤君1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-02 修回日期:2019-11-03 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 作者简介:王姣娥(1981-), 女, 湖南涟源人, 研究员, 主要从事交通地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41722103);国家自然科学基金项目(41771134)

Comparison of spatial structure and linkage systems and geographic constraints: A perspective of multiple traffic flows

WANG Jiao'e1,2, DU Delin1,2, JIN Fengjun1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling/Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
  • Received:2019-01-02 Revised:2019-11-03 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41722103);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771134)

摘要:

交通运输联系是区域空间级联系统与城市体系结构研究的重要视角之一,而不同交通运输方式表达的级联体系结构亦存在一定的差异。为综合研究交通运输体系刻画的空间级联系统及克服单一交通方式的局限性,基于长途汽车、高铁和航班时刻表数据,比较分析了多元交通网络的空间级联体系结构及其表达的城市网络组织体系,并进一步揭示了地理空间的约束作用。研究发现:① 每种交通运输方式适合在一定的空间尺度和行政范围内刻画和表达城市网络体系结构与城市联系,公路客运受省域行政范围约束,高铁联系具有廊道影响效应,航空运输体现全国和区域尺度较高层次的社会经济联系。② 从旅客直达视角分析,长途汽车与高铁的城际运输市场重叠最大,近年来长途汽车的运输市场受高铁影响明显。③ 地理空间是影响陆路交通运输和组织的重要约束因子,距离衰减效应明显;结合设施空间、行政空间和管理体制的作用,长途汽车和高铁运输在空间上形成分异的社区结构;航空运输由于具有超空间连接特性,既不遵循距离衰减规律,社区结构也并不明显。

关键词: 公路运输, 高铁运输, 航空运输, 城市体系, 地理空间, 设施空间

Abstract:

Transportation connection has always been one of the important perspectives of studying spatial cascading systems and urban systems. Based on the timetable data in 2018 of inter-city coach, high-speed train and aviation, this paper builds networks of the three modes of transportation in China. Through the methods of the city-pair connectivity and community detection, this paper compares the spatial structure and linkage systems of multi-traffic flow network and reveals the geospatial constraints. The research results show that: (1) Different modes of transportation are suitable for portraying urban systems on different spatial and administrative scales. Inter-city coaches are constrained by the provincial administrative boundaries. High-speed train network shows the effect of corridors especially along the main trunks. The aviation network reflects the spatial relationship at the national scale. (2) From the perspective of the direct accessibility, there is a large spatial overlap between inter-city coaches and high-speed trains, and the market of inter-city coaches is obviously squeezed in recent years. For air transport, its frequency advantage mainly concentrates on the city-pairs with a long distance. The competition and complementarity of the three modes of transportation have a great impact on the urban system and are useful for the understanding of the spatial cascading system. (3) Geographical space, infrastructure space and administrative space constraint and management system are important factors affecting the transportation networks. Inter-city coach network and high-speed train network are obviously affected by distance attenuation effects, and they present significant community structures in the two networks, but their communities have different spatial characteristics. However, air transport does not follow the constraint of distance attenuation, and there is not an obvious community structure in the network. Factors related to the passenger transport market, such as social and economic links and tourism resources, play the important roles in the aviation network structure.

Key words: road transportation, high-speed train, air transport, urban system, geographic space, infrastructure space