地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (12): 2467-2481.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201912004

• 区域发展格局与空间治理研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

美丽中国与国土空间规划关系的地理学思考

陈明星1,2, 梁龙武1,2, 王振波1,2, 张文忠1,2, 余建辉1,2, 梁宜3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3. 自然资源部土地整治中心,北京 100035
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-06 修回日期:2019-12-07 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 作者简介:陈明星(1982-), 男, 安徽巢湖人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事城市化与区域发展研究。E-mail:chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41822104);国家自然科学基金项目(41842058);国家自然科学基金项目(41671125);中国科学院战略性A类先导专项(XDA23100301)

Geographical thinking on the relationship between beautiful China and land spatial planning

CHEN Mingxing1,2, LIANG Longwu1,2, WANG Zhenbo1,2, ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, YU Jianhui1,2, LIANG Yi3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2019-11-06 Revised:2019-12-07 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41822104);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41842058);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671125);The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100301)

摘要:

美丽中国是社会主义新时代生态文明建设的新目标愿景,满足人民群众对美好生活向往的现实需求。国土空间规划是国家统筹涉及空间各类规划的重大部署。美丽中国是国家第二个一百年发展新的引领目标,其内涵不仅是“生态美丽”,也是“经济—政治—文化—社会—生态”综合的大美丽,美丽中国建设要因地制宜构建差异化的评估指标体系。美丽中国和国土空间规划有着密切联系,美丽中国为国土空间规划指引了重要方向,国土空间规划则为美丽中国建设提供了重要途径和空间保障。国土空间规划编制需要加强人地关系地域系统、点—轴系统、主体功能区划、可持续发展与资源环境承载力、新型城镇化、乡村地域多体系统等深入探讨。本文提出了地理学视角下国土空间规划编制的思路框架,科学分析国土空间的自然地理条件、经济社会发展基础、国土空间相互联系,结合美丽中国目标,谋划国土空间的目标、愿景与路径,鼓励公众参与与开展动态评估,构建智能系统平台等,为国土空间规划编制实施提供思路借鉴。

关键词: 美丽中国, 国土空间规划, 生态文明, 空间治理现代化, 地理科学

Abstract:

Beautiful China is the new goal of ecological civilization construction in the new era of socialism, which can meet the real needs of the people for a better life. National land space planning is a major deployment of the state to coordinate various types of space planning. Beautiful China is the new leading goal of the country's second centenary development. Its connotation is not only "ecological beauty", but also the comprehensive beauty of "economy-politics-culture-society-ecology". The construction of beautiful China needs a differentiated evaluation index system based on the local conditions. Beautiful China is closely related to the land spatial planning. The former provides an important direction for the latter, while the latter provides an important approach and space guarantee for the construction of the former. The establishment of land spatial planning needs to strengthen the further discussion of the regional system of human-environment interaction, point-axis system, the main functional area planning, sustainable development and resource environmental carrying capacity, new urbanization and rural regional multi-body system. This paper puts forward the thinking framework of land spatial planning from the perspective of geography, including scientifically analyzing the natural geographical conditions, economic and social development basis, and the interrelationship between land and space, planing the goal, vision and path of land and space, encouraging the public to participate in and carry out dynamic evaluation, and building an intelligent system platform for land and spatial planning with the goal of beautiful China, which provide ideas for the compilation and implementation of land spatial planning.

Key words: beautiful China, land spatial planning, ecological civilization, modernization of space governance, geographical science