地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (10): 2178-2191.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201910016

• 行政区划与人口地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

西方超越人类的地理学研究进展

卢薇1,尹铎2,3,朱竑1,2,3()   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2. 广州大学华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广州 510006
    3. 广东省城市与移民研究中心,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-04 修回日期:2018-07-13 出版日期:2019-10-25 发布日期:2019-10-29
  • 作者简介:卢薇(1994-), 女, 陕西安康人, 硕士生, 研究方向为社会文化地理。E-mail: 2017022048@m.scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41971184);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41901173);广东省自然科学基金团队项目(No.2018B030312004)

The progress of more-than-human geographies in Western geography

LU Wei1,YIN Duo2,3,ZHU Hong1,2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. The Research Center for Human Geography and Urban Development in Southern China, School of Geographical Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3. Guangdong Provincial Center for Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-04-04 Revised:2018-07-13 Published:2019-10-25 Online:2019-10-29
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41971184);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41901173);Team Project of Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province(No.2018B030312004)

摘要:

随着现代科技发展与社会环境变化,人类与非人类的边界日益模糊,这使得以往研究中未能引起足够重视的非人类生命与物质逐渐引起学者们的关注。21世纪以来,在西方地理学界兴起的“回归唯物主义”思潮中,超越人类的地理学(MTHG)应运而生,并成为探索人类与非人类共同构成的世界的重要途径之一。通过对298篇相关期刊论文及著作的分析发现,超越人类的地理学主张“关系本体论”,其产生受到行动者网络理论、生物哲学与非表征理论的深刻影响,现有研究议题聚焦于新动物地理学与自然保护、城市社会文化与生态政治、物质性与商品经济、身体与生命健康、气候变化与环境问题等方面。本文通过梳理超越人类的地理学的理论源起并剖析各议题的经典研究案例,以期为中国地理学研究提供新的视域。

关键词: 超越人类的地理学, 后人类, 新动物地理学, 行动者网络, 非表征理论

Abstract:

Along with the growing public awareness of the impossibility of separating nature from society and the difficulty of dividing the world neatly into spaces of 'human' and 'non-human', more-than-human geographies become increasingly popular in exploring the human-nonhuman assemblages in Western countries. However, existing literature demonstrates that the investigation of more-than-human geographies has received insufficient attention from non-Western countries, including China. Based on a systematic analysis of journal papers published in the Core Collection of Web of Science over the last 15 years, this article is dedicated to introduce the more-than-human geographical thoughts and approaches into China. The software Citespace has been used to analyze a total of 298 journal papers published from 2002 to 2017 in the Core Collection of Web of Science, among which the main themes can be generalized into five categories: new animal geographies and natural conservation, urban culture and political ecology, materiality and commodity economy, body and life health, climate change and environmental issues. New animal geographies have usually been understood as comprising the mainstream of more-than-human geographies, while the last two topics have been regarded as new fields. This article first investigates the core views of three philosophical and theoretical ideas which inspired the development of more-than-human geographies and explained how these insights influence the associated thoughts and approaches. Moreover, to show more details about what kinds of assemblages more-than-human geographies are interested in, this article introduces the content of each category with classical case studies. Finally, the primary contributions and critiques of more-than-human geographies are also presented. China's rich natural products and multiple social cultures, as well as the rapid development of science and technology mean that there is a potential for Chinese geographers to provide more interesting and vivid investigations for more-than-human geographies in the Chinese context.

Key words: more-than-human geographies, posthuman, new animal geography, ANT, non-representational theory