地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (10): 2001-2010.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201910004

• 乡村振兴与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于乡村弹性的乡村振兴理论认知与路径研究

李玉恒1,阎佳玉1,2,刘彦随1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-05 修回日期:2019-08-16 出版日期:2019-10-25 发布日期:2019-10-29
  • 作者简介:李玉恒(1983-), 男, 河北石家庄人, 博士, 副研究员, 硕士生导师, 研究方向为城乡转型与乡村地域系统演化、乡村弹性。E-mail: liyuheng@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.41771191);国家自然科学基金项目(No.41931293);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所"可桢杰出青年人才基金"(No.2018RC102)

The cognition and path analysis of rural revitalization theory based on rural resilience

LI Yuheng1,YAN Jiayu1,2,LIU Yansui1   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Regional Sustainable Development and Modelling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Revised:2019-08-16 Published:2019-10-25 Online:2019-10-29
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41771191);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41931293);Kezhen Excellent Young Scientist Fund of IGSNRR(No.2018RC102)

摘要:

在人类社会发展转型过程中出现的乡村衰退问题已成为全球性趋势,亟需实施乡村振兴。科学、系统把握乡村地域系统的演化规律,深入揭示乡村系统与外界发展环境的交互作用模式,提升乡村自身抵御、适应外界环境变化的弹性,是实现乡村振兴与可持续发展的必由之路。本文从乡村弹性视角理论解析了乡村地域系统演化与乡村振兴。研究发现:① 乡村弹性包含乡村系统对外界扰动冲击的抵御能力、适应能力与实现全新发展的转型能力。② 乡村演化分异是乡村地域系统与外界发展主导因素交互作用的结果。在此过程中,乡村弹性决定着不同发展阶段乡村地域系统的演化方式和结果。③ 打造多功能乡村、实施乡村整治工程、培育乡村社会资本对构建弹性乡村起着重要的推动作用。文章强调应科学识别乡村地域系统,差异化制定培育与提升乡村弹性的实施方案,实现乡村系统功能、结构及运行达到均衡状态。

关键词: 乡村弹性, 乡村地域系统, 乡村振兴, 乡村地理学

Abstract:

The rural decline which emerged in the process of human development and transformation has become a global trend, and rural revitalization is urgently needed. It is the only way to realize rural revitalization and sustainable development by scientifically and systematically grasping the development and evolution of rural regional systems, revealing the interaction mode of rural system and external development environment, as well as improving the rural resilience to resist and adapt to changes in the external environment. The article analyzes the development and evolution of rural regional systems and rural revitalization from the perspective of rural resilience. The study found that: (1) Rural resilience includes the resilience, adaptability and transformation ability of the rural system to the impact of external disturbances. (2) Rural development evolution differentiation is a comprehensive representation of the interaction between rural regional systems and the dominant factors of external development. In this process, the resilience of rural systems in different regions to resist external development disturbances has been improved or declined. (3) Creating multi-functional villages, implementing rural rectification projects, and cultivating rural social capital play an important role in promoting the construction of rural resilience. The article emphasizes that the rural regional system should be scientifically identified and differentiated implementation plans are formulated to cultivate and enhance rural resilience to achieve balanced function, structure and operation of rural system.

Key words: rural resilience, rural regional system, rural revitalization, rural geography