地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (4): 723-736.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201904008

• 产业与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于细分行业的中国城市群金融网络演化

赵金丽(), 盛彦文, 张璐璐, 宋金平()   

  1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-15 修回日期:2019-03-11 出版日期:2019-04-25 发布日期:2019-04-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵金丽(1989-), 女, 山东聊城人, 博士生, 主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: zhaojinli302@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271132)

Evolution of urban agglomeration financial network in China based on subdivision industry

Jinli ZHAO(), Yanwen SHENG, Lulu ZHANG, Jinping SONG()   

  1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2017-09-15 Revised:2019-03-11 Published:2019-04-25 Online:2019-04-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271132

摘要:

基于微观层面的金融企业空间组织关系数据进行宏观层面的金融业空间格局研究是近年来金融地理研究的一个新方向。基于银行、保险及证券三个主流金融行业在1995年、2005年与2015年3个年份的企业网络数据,采用社会网络分析方法,从空间差异、空间过程和空间相互作用3个层次,对各细分行业下的城市群金融网络演化过程进行研究。结果表明:① 银行与保险业视角下,总部企业分布较为集中,且大多中西部城市群内部金融网络较为稀疏,证券业视角下的总部企业分布最为分散,但更替较为频繁。② 银行与保险业视角下的城市群间高层级金融联系较多,证券业视角下则更多为低层级联系,除京津冀、长三角和珠三角为共同的核心网络节点外,银行业其他核心节点集中在沿海地区,保险业则集中在中西部,证券业则呈现出一定的空间均衡性。③ 三行业视角下的城市群发展差异大小及变动趋势不同,证券业视角下的城市群金融资源吸引力差异最大,而总部经济发展差异则最小。④ 各行业地理集中度、市场集中度及影响各行业发展的关键因素的不同,是导致不同行业视角下城市群金融网络演化格局存在差异的主要原因。

关键词: 城市群, 金融网络, 细分行业, 演化, 中国

Abstract:

Research on spatial patterns of financial services industry based on microcosmic financial enterprises layout data has recently become a hot topic for financial geographers. Employing the social network analysis and GIS tools, this paper investigates the evolution of China's financial network at the metropolitan scale in the last decades from the perspective of subdivision industry. Based on the longitudinal office distribution data of top financial enterprises in banking, insurance, and security during 1995 to 2015, the evolution pattern of China's financial network is explored from the aspects of spatial difference, spatial process, and spatial interaction. The results indicate that: (1) from the perspectives of banking and insurance, the spatial distribution of headquarter enterprises is relatively centralized and the financial network is relatively sparse within most urban agglomerations of central and western China. However, from the perspective of security, the headquarter enterprises are scattered in most urban agglomerations, but they have undergone frequent replacement. (2) From the perspectives of banking and insurance, the high-level financial network between urban agglomerations is relatively dense; however, the financial connections between urban agglomerations are more likely to be at a low level from the perspective of security. Besides the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, which are well-known as core codes, other core nodes of banking and insurance are concentrated in coastal regions and hinterlands respectively, whereas other core nodes of security are evenly distributed in various areas. (3) The discrepancies in financial resources attraction and headquarters finance development among urban agglomerations in different industry perspectives are different in terms of both size and changing tendency. The difference among urban agglomerations from the perspective of security is the largest in financial resources attraction, but is the minimum in headquarters finance development. (4) The differences in geographic concentration, market concentration, and the main factors influencing industrial development among different industries are main reasons for the difference in the evolution pattern of the urban agglomeration financial network in different industry perspectives.

Key words: urban agglomeration, financial network, subdivision industry, evolution, China