地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (4): 681-693.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201904005

• 人口与城镇化研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市体系网络化研究

胡国建1(), 陈传明1(), 金星星2, 王强1   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
    2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-08 修回日期:2019-03-11 出版日期:2019-04-25 发布日期:2019-04-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡国建(1992-), 男, 江西九江人, 硕士生, 主要研究方向为区域开发与规划、资源与环境管理。E-mail: guojianhu1992@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671126, 41201171);国家社会科学基金项目(14BSH102)

Research progress of networking of urban systems in China

Guojian HU1(), Chuanming CHEN1(), Xingxing JIN2, Qiang WANG1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-12-08 Revised:2019-03-11 Online:2019-04-25 Published:2019-04-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671126, No.41201171;National Social Science Foundation of China, No.14BSH102

摘要:

当前,学者普遍认同城市体系研究的重心从等级范式向网络范式转向。在大量的文献梳理基础上,阐述20世纪80年代以来中国城市体系研究范式的转向过程,并进一步梳理中国城市网络研究的进展、问题与关注重点。结果表明:2010年之后,网络成为中国城市体系研究的主流范式,等级体系文献数量呈波动递减趋势,全国和长三角成为热点关注区域;属性数据一定程度上弥补了早期城市网络研究中数据匮乏的状况,关系数据应成为未来研究的侧重点;不同研究视角及其所应用的数据存在着一定的局限性,多元视角的综合研究成为趋势。在此基础上,提出城市网络研究未来可能的突破点,包括:调整国家城市网络的研究框架、超越交通数据直接考察城市间的实体联系、测度企业外部的横向联系、有向加权网络分析和可视化、增加研究中的地理“意味”等。

关键词: 城市体系, 城市网络, 研究范式, 研究进展, 中国

Abstract:

At present, there is a consistency that the focus of urban system research has shifted from the hierarchical to network paradigm. Based on an extensive review of existing studies, this paper investigates the shift of paradigm of China's urban system research since the 1980s, and discusses the development situation, main problems, and key topics of related research on urban network. The results show that: (1) After 2010, the amount of literature about urban network has increased dramatically and become the mainstream of urban system research, while the number of studies on the hierarchy system decreased. And the existing studies mainly focus on the urban system at national level and in the Yangtze River Delta. (2) The attribute data to a certain extent compensate for the lack of data in the early urban network research. Meanwhile, although the gravity model was widely used in these studies, its suitability is gradually decreasing. (3) In contrast, the relationship data have attracted scholars' attention, which is mainly applied to the urban system research from three perspectives: enterprise organization, traffic flow and information flow. However, due to the limitations of different perspectives, a comprehensive research on multiple perspectives has gradually become imperative. (4) The identification analysis has been the dominant theme of urban network research. Visualization analysis and design for urban system is mainly supported by directed unprivileged networks and undirected weighted networks. (5) Five important aspects of urban network research in future include adjusting the research framework of national urban network, examining the physical connections between cities directly without traffic data, measuring the horizontal linkages between the outside enterprises, analyzing and visualizing the directed weighted network research, and intensifying the geospatial characteristics of urban network research.

Key words: urban system, urban network, research paradigm, research progress, China