地理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (1): 191-198.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201901014

• 学术信息 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家自然科学基金地理学科申请代码的历史沿革与发展

张朝林1(),郑袁明1,范闻捷1,2,傅伯杰1,3   

  1. 1. 国家自然科学基金委员会地球科学部,北京 100085
    2. 北京大学遥感与地理信息系统研究所,北京 100871
    3. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-13 出版日期:2019-01-18 发布日期:2019-01-18

The historical evolution and outlook for the application code of geography discipline, NSFC

ZHANG Chaolin1(),ZHENG Yanming1,FAN Wenjie1,2,FU Bojie1,3   

  1. 1. Department of Earth Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    3. Institute of Remote and GIS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2018-12-13 Online:2019-01-18 Published:2019-01-18

摘要:

国家自然科学基金的学科申请代码是形成合理基础研究资助格局、促进学科均衡发展、鼓励学科交叉和发展新兴方向的指南。本文系统梳理了自1986年国家自然科学基金委员会创建至今,地理学科申请代码体系的历史沿革,重点对新时期地理学科申请代码体系在水、土、生态系服务、环境和人地关系演变等方向的布设特点,以及对未来学科基础研究资助格局的影响进行了分析和展望。

关键词: 自然科学基金, 地理学, 申请代码, 资助格局

Abstract:

The application code of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) is the guide for forming a reasonable funding pattern of basic research, fostering the balanced and coordinated development of disciplines, encouraging interdisciplinary disciplines and developing new research directions. In this paper, we have firstly carried on the historical evolution for application code system of geography discipline since the establishment of the NSFC (1986). Then more attentions were paid to analyze the design characteristics of the geography application code system in the direction of water, soil, ecosystem services, environment and the human-land relationship evolution in the new period, and prospect the impact on the funding pattern of basic research in the future.

Key words: National Natural Science Fund, geography, application code, funded pattern