地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (7): 1226-1241.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201807004

• 土地利用与生态系统服务 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国耕地利用隐性形态转型的多学科综合研究框架

曲艺1,2,3(),龙花楼1,3,4()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院精准扶贫评估研究中心,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-06 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-07-13
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731286)

A framework of multi-disciplinary comprehensive research on recessive farmland transition in China

QU Yi1,2,3(),LONG Hualou1,3,4()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Center for Assessment and Research on Targeted Poverty Alleviation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-11-06 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-13
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41731286

摘要:

当前,18亿亩耕地“红线”的划定对中国耕地数量保护成效显著,但要实现保障粮食安全、促进农民增收的战略目标,更多的研究仍需聚焦在既定资源数量下的耕地利用隐性形态转型上。耕地利用隐性形态包含涉及不同学科的多重属性,其转型规律的刻画需建立在多学科综合研究框架基础之上。为此,研究结合中国耕地资源管理实践,分析了1949年以来耕地利用隐性形态转型历程,梳理了分散于管理学、经济学和社会学中的相关研究进展。结果表明,当前研究在区域性、综合性、多尺度性方面表现不足,这些不足不仅影响分析结果的准确性,也弱化了研究结论在耕地管理实践中的可推广性和可操作性。因此,本文提出在现有研究基础上引入地理学的研究理念和分析方法,通过开展多学科的综合研究弥补以上不足,并进而从概念框架、具体设计、实践运用三个层次,逐步深入和细化,提出了中国耕地利用隐性形态转型研究的多学科综合研究框架,阐述了这一框架的具体应用思路。

关键词: 耕地利用, 土地利用隐性形态, 土地利用转型, 多学科综合, 研究框架

Abstract:

Currently, the "farmland red line" management has made major achievements in the quantitative protection of Chinese farmland. However, the increase of grain production as well as the improvement of peasants' incomes still calls for more researches concentrated on the recessive farmland transition based on the current resources endowment. The recessive farmland morphology has multi-properties referring different disciplines. So the study of farmland transition needs a multi-disciplinary comprehensive research framework. This paper drew an outline of the farmland transition in China since its founding, and made an in-depth literature review from multi-disciplinary perspectives of management, economics and sociology. Previous research shows an inefficient performance from the aspect of locality, integrity and systematicness. The shortcomings above may weaken its application due to lack of popularization and operability. So the authors argue that, geographical ideology and analytical method should be introduced into current researches on recessive farmland transition. And multi-disciplinary comprehensive researches should be constructed to make up the existing deficiencies. Ultimately, from the conceptual level, the overall design level, and the practical application level, this paper puts forward a multi-disciplinary comprehensive research framework for the recessive farmland transition, and illustrates a concrete application from the problem-oriented perspective.

Key words: farmland use, recessive land use morphology, land use transition, multi-disciplinary comprehensive research, research framework