地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (4): 677-687.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201804007

• 纪念吴传钧院士诞辰100周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国资源型城市识别与综合类型划分

余建辉1,2,李佳洺1,2,张文忠1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-07 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632)

Identification and classification of resource-based cities in China

YU Jianhui1,2,LI Jiaming1,2,ZHANG Wenzhong1,2()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-02-07 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    [Foundation: Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230632]

摘要:

资源型城市是一类具有特殊性质的城市,资源型城市转型与可持续发展是区域产业开发、区域经济和城市发展研究的重要内容,自2001年国家从阜新市开始资源型城市转型试点工作以来,对全国资源型城市的准确识别与类型划分一直是地理学界探讨的重点问题之一。本文在借鉴前人研究的基础上,运用城市职能分类的理论与方法,对资源型城市识别与分类的指标与阈值进行了系统分析,识别出全国262座资源型城市。同时,本文从资源型城市发展程度和资源型城市自身的问题出发,根据资源型城市发展的总体导向,结合资源型城市实际特点,尝试建立提出了以资源保障能力和可持续发展能力两个指标评价为基础的资源型城市综合分类框架,构建了资源型城市评价分类模型,将识别出的262座资源型城市分为成长型城市、成熟型城市、衰退型城市、再生型城市4类,并分析了不同类别城市的概念内涵与差异性特征。该研究成果很好的支撑了由国务院发布的《全国资源型城市可持续发展规划》对资源型城市的范围与类别的划定,并成为规划分类引导政策制定的基础。

关键词: 资源型城市, 识别, 类型划分, 中国

Abstract:

Resource-based cities refer to the type of cities that exploit and process natural resources, such as minerals and forests in the region. The transformation and sustainable development of resource-based cities is an important part of the research on regional industrial development, regional economy and urban development. Since China started the pilot reform of resource-based cities in Fuxin in 2001, the accurate definition and classification of resource-based cities in China has been one of the focuses of academic discussion. This paper systematically analyzes the historical criteria of the definition and classification of resource-based cities. Based on the previous experiences and using the theory and method of urban function classification, this paper proposes a set of methods to identify resource-based cities. Then, based on the development of resource-based cities and their actual characteristics, this paper tries to establish a comprehensive classification framework for resource-based cities by two kinds of evaluation which are based on resources support ability and sustainable development ability. A total of 262 resource-based cities are divided into 4 types, nemely growth type, maturity type, recession type and regeneration type. The paper also analyzes the different characteristics of different types of cities. This result supports the delineation of the scope and categories of resource-based cities in the "National Sustainable Development Plan for Resource-based Cities" promulgated by the State Council and has become the basis for targeted guidance and policy support.

Key words: resource-based cities, identification, classification, China