地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (4): 666-676.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201804006

• 纪念吴传钧院士诞辰100周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

交通发展区位测度的理论与方法

王姣娥1,2,焦敬娟3,黄洁1(),金凤君1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3. 北京交通大学经济管理学院,北京 100044
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-29 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41722103, 41701132) [Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41722103, No.41701132]

Theory and methodology of transportation development and location measures

WANG Jiao'e1,2,JIAO Jingjuan3,HUANG Jie1(),JIN Fengjun1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2018-01-29 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-10

摘要:

交通建设所引致的区位条件改善对促进各类生产要素集聚和地方经济发展,重塑区域空间结构具有重要作用,因此,交通区位的测度一直是地理学的核心议题之一。随着交通网络的不断发展与完善以及新技术、新模式、新因素和新业态的出现,地方传统区位条件被重构,个人出行理念和模式发生了一系列变化。① 交通区位的测度逐渐从依托空间位置和交通设施发展水平的传统地理区位扩展到依托网络连通性、可靠性与出行便捷性的“流空间”新区位;② 研究对象从关注不同地方的区位特征扩展到关注群体出行规律和个体行为差异的微观区位选择;③ 研究内容从交通设施网络的可达性扩展到基于“门到门”的全链条出行服务;④ 大数据挖掘技术和GIS-T技术的发展也使得交通区位的测度朝着更加精确化和精准化的方向迈进。

关键词: 区位, 信息技术, 大数据, 复杂网络, GIS

Abstract:

Variations of locational conditions caused by transport infrastructure construction largely promoted the agglomeration of production factors and the local economy and reshaped the regional structure. Hence, measuring transport location has become one of the fundamental topics in geography. Recently, along with transport development, as well as the emergence of new technology, new models, new factors and new industrial forms, the locational conditions have been reconstructed and individual travel concept and patterns changed. The existing research on measuring transport location considers not only the location in the geographic context in terms of the spatial location and transport infrastructure network but also the location in the flow of space concerning the network connectivity, reliability and travel convenience. The research objects changed from various locations to the micro-location regarding group travel characteristics and differences at the individual level. The research contents included door-to-door trips in the accessibility of transport networks. Meanwhile, techniques of big data and GIS-T methods make measuring transport location more accurate.

Key words: location, information technology, big data, complex network, GIS