地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (4): 620-636.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201804003

• 纪念吴传钧院士诞辰100周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

“一带一路”建设研究进展

刘卫东1,2,宋周莺1,2,刘志高1,2,叶尔肯·吾扎提1,2,宋涛1,2,牛方曲1,2,韩梦瑶1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-29 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17VDL008);国家自然科学基金项目(41530751) [Foundation: National Social Science Foundation of China, No.17VDL008;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530751]

Progress in research on the Belt and Road Initiative

LIU Weidong1,2,SONG Zhouying1,2,LIU Zhigao1,2,YEERKEN Wuzhati1,2,SONG Tao1,2,NIU Fangqu1,2,HAN Mengyao1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-01-29 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-10

摘要:

“一带一路”经历了从中国倡议到国际共识的巨大转变,正在成为世界上越来越多国家和政治领袖们探索全球经济治理新模式的平台。伴随这种转变以及“一带一路”建设所取得的成就,“一带一路”研究已经深入到除了基础科学领域外的几乎所有学科。本文根据中国知网(CNKI)数据分析了4年多来“一带一路”研究文献的特征,而后总结了与地理学密切相关的“一带一路”核心议题的研究进展。研究发现:① 自2014年以来“一带一路”研究发文量迅速上升,由2014年的1000多篇飙升到2017年的20000多篇;② 文献比较庞杂,以宏观性、战略性和一般性文献为主,舆论性很高,基于深入研究的高水平学术文献少,还不能很好地支撑“一带一路”建设;③ 对外直接投资、互联互通、“走出去”、全球化、全球治理、命运共同体、人民币国际化等得到的关注较多;④ 地理学在“一带一路”的战略内涵和理论构建、地缘政治经济分析、“中欧班列”、海上航运战略支点、海外投资模式、经贸格局及其经济影响、资源环境问题等方面研究较为深入。最后,本文呼吁加强“一带一路”的理论建构以及建设机制和国别研究,并积极开展中外学者之间“一带一路”研究对话以及合作研究。

关键词: 包容性全球化, 地缘政治, 中欧班列, 对外直接投资, 贸易格局, “一带一路”倡议;

Abstract:

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has changed from a China-based initiative to an international consensus, and is becoming a platform for a growing number of countries in the world to explore new international economic governance mechanisms. Such a great change along with impressive achievements of BRI development has attracted academic attention from almost all disciplines except basic sciences, giving rise to huge literature. This paper will first explore data from China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database to summarize the characteristics of literature on BRI in general, and then review progress in research on major BRI topics related to geography. The paper finds: (1) the number of Chinese papers on BRI increased by 21 times in three years, from 1012 in 2014 to 21216 in 2017; (2) these papers cover various BRI-related topics but most of them are macroscopic and very general studies of BRI with a taste of public voices, implying that quality papers with deep academic studies are demanded to support the BRI development; (3) more frequently discussed topics are China's outward foreign direct investment, facilities connection, "going out", globalization, global economic governance, community of shared destiny and internationalization of Renminbi; and (4) specific topics that are more deeply studied by geographers are connotation and discourse of BRI, geopolitical analysis of BRI, China-Europe Express Train, global strategic shipping pivot, model of China's outward foreign direct investment and overseas industrial parks, trade pattern and its impacts on economic growth of both China and its trade partners. Lastly, the paper suggests enhancing the discursive construction of BRI and studies of new BRI mechanisms as well as studies of countries involved in BRI, and promoting dialogues and collaborations between Chinese scholars and foreign scholars on BRI studies.

Key words: inclusive globalization, geopolitics, China-Europe Express Train, China's outward foreign direct investment, trade pattern, Belt and Road Initiative