地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (4): 608-619.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201804002

所属专题: 人地系统

• 纪念吴传钧院士诞辰100周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

人地系统优化调控的理论方法研究

毛汉英1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 国际欧亚科学院中国科学中心,北京 100107
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-29 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41430636) [Foundation: The Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41430636]

Theories and methods of optimal control of human-earth system: Commemoration of 100th anniversary of Academician Wu Chuanjun's birth

MAO Hanying   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. China Science Center of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100107, China
  • Received:2018-01-29 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-10

摘要:

在吴传钧先生倡导的人地关系地域系统(简称“人地系统”)理论体系中,人地系统优化调控占据核心位置。本文以吴先生提出的人地系统优化调控的思路及有关论述为主线,在人地系统结构、人地系统非线性效应、人地关系耦合理论、人地系统演进等理论方法方面加以深化与拓展。在此基础上,聚焦于两方面:① 人地系统优化与区域PRED(即人口、资源、环境和发展)协调发展,着重探讨人地系统优化与PRED协调发展的关系,以及PRED协调发展的目标、重点、理论模式和定量测度;② 新时期中国人地系统综合调控的路径与对策,可归纳为:以创新驱动为引领,推动人地系统持续健康发展;以主体功能区划为导向,优化人地系统空间格局;以供给侧结构性改革为主线,建设现代经济体系;以促进人口长期均衡发展为目标,逐步完善人口政策;遵循市场原则,健全资源环境有偿使用和生态补偿机制。

关键词: 人地系统, 优化, 区域PRED协调发展, 综合调控, 理论方法

Abstract:

The optimal control of the human-earth system plays the most important role in the theoretical foundation of human-earth areal system (abbreviated as the "human-earth system") advocated by Academician Wu Chuanjun. Based on the thinking and related discussion of optimal control of human-earth system proposed by Academician Wu, this paper deepened and expanded the theoretical and methodological aspects of structure, nonlinear effects, coupling relationship and evolution of the human-earth system. After that, we focused on the following two aspects. The first is to discuss the optimization of human-earth system and coordinated development of regional PRED (i.e., population, resources, environment, and development), including the relationship between human-earth system optimization and PRED coordinated development, as well as the objectives, key points, theoretical models and quantitative measures of coordinated development of PRED. The second is to explore the path and countermeasures of comprehensive regulation of human-earth system in the new era. First of all, we should promote the continuous and healthy development of human-earth systems through innovation. Secondly, we should optimize the spatial pattern of the human-earth system according to the main function-oriented zoning. Thirdly, we should build a modern economic system through supply-side structural reforms. Fourthly, setting long-term balanced development of population as a goal, we should gradually improve the population policy. Finally, we should follow the market principles to improve the mechanism of paid use of resources and environment and ecological compensation.

Key words: human-earth system (human-earth areal system), optimization, coordinated development of regional PRED, comprehensive regulation, theories and methods