地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (2): 232-247.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201802003

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域贫困的地理学分析

丁建军(),冷志明   

  1. 吉首大学商学院 武陵山片区扶贫与发展协同创新中心,吉首 416000
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-02 出版日期:2018-02-11 发布日期:2018-02-11
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41761022);湖南省教育厅重点项目(16A235)

Regional poverty analysis in a view of geography science

DING Jianjun(),LENG Zhiming   

  1. Business School of Jishou University, Collaborative Innovation Center of Wuling Mountain Area's Poverty Alleviation and Development, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
  • Received:2017-05-02 Online:2018-02-11 Published:2018-02-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41761022, Key Project of Education Fund of Hunan Province, No.16A235

摘要:

贫困的多维属性和空间属性意味着具备综合性和区域性优势且以“人地关系”为研究核心的地理学在贫困研究和扶贫实践指导方面应大有作为。本文在回顾国内外地理学关注的贫困主题及其研究进展基础上,尝试从地理学视角阐释区域贫困的本质、构成要素、格局、形成过程及应对方案。主要结论为:① 区域贫困的本质是特定时空情境下“人”(贫困主体)、“业”(生计活动)、“地”(自然和社会环境)维度上的剥夺或三者之间耦合失调的过程与状态。② 区域贫困的构成要素包括主体性要素“人”、中介性要素“业”和客体性要素“地”,各要素层面的剥夺以及三要素“人业地”耦合失调形成区域贫困格局类型。③ 区域贫困格局的形成既是主体性要素“人”、中介性要素“业”和客体性要素“地”之间非线性“负向循环累积”过程,也是人类文明进程中主体性要素“人”和客体性要素“地”未与中介性要素“业”的变化相协调在特定地域的表现。④ 区域贫困的系统化干预既需要各要素层面的“靶向干预”,还需要各措施之间的协同,而仿效医院的会诊制度是一种可行的制度安排。

关键词: 区域贫困, 地理学, 系统化认知, 综合干预

Abstract:

Owing to the multidimensional and spatial nature of poverty and the synthetic and visible analysis merits of geography science, there is a great potential for geography science, which is taking human-environment relationships as core topics, to understand regional poverty and guide the poverty alleviation practices. This article tries to explain the connotation, inscapes, patterns, formation process and countermeasures in a view of geography science based on the retrospect of geographical research on domestic and abroad poverty. The main conclusions showed that: (1) Regional poverty can be considered as a status or process of deprivation on the three dimensions of "human", "activities" and "environment", or the disharmony among them under the specific situation; (2) The inscapes of regional poverty contain subjective factor ("human"), intermediated factor ("activities") and objective factor ("environment"), and the poverty patterns were caused by the deprivation of the three factors or their imbalanced coupling; (3) The formation process of regional poverty patterns can be understood as a nonlinear negative accumulative cycle of disorderly coupling of subjective factor, intermediated factor and objective factor. At the same time, it can be considered as a phenomenon that the subjective factor ("human") and objective factor ("environment") can not catch up or match the changes of intermediated factor ("activities") during the transitions of human civilization; (4) Synthetical poverty alleviation needs targeted interventions as well as coordination of all countermeasures, which is similar to the consultation of doctors in hospital, which may be a good way to achieve the goal.

Key words: regional poverty, geography science, systematical cognition, synthetical intervention