地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (12): 2147-2165.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201712003

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于“胞—链—形”分析的都市郊区村域空间发展模式识别与划分

任国平1,2(), 刘黎明1(), 孙锦1, 卓东1, 袁承程1   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院,北京 100193
    2. 湖南城市学院管理学院,益阳 413000
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-08 修回日期:2017-09-02 出版日期:2017-12-25 发布日期:2017-12-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:任国平(1982-), 男, 湖南益阳人, 博士生, 主要从事土地利用和乡村景观规划研究。E-mail: renguoping82@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471455)

Using the "cell-chain-shape" method to identify and classify spatial development patterns of administrative villages in the metropolitan suburbs

Guoping REN1,2(), Liming LIU1(), Jin SUN1, Dong ZHUO1, Chengcheng YUAN1   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2. College of Management, Hunan City University, Yiyang 413000, Hunan, China
  • Received:2016-11-08 Revised:2017-09-02 Online:2017-12-25 Published:2017-12-26
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China, No.41471455

摘要:

村域空间发展模式识别和划分一直是乡村地理学研究热点之一。本文引入“胞—链—形”分析方法,以上海市青浦区为例,利用引力模型、断裂点模型、因子分析法和频度统计法分析该区184个“行政村空间发展模式格局(驱动形)”—“核心行政村模式传导界面(辐射链)”—“行政村主导产业(产业胞)”,以期从空间力学视角识别和构建村域空间发展模式体系,实现对都市郊区村域空间发展模式划分的目的。结果表明:空间发展模式竞争力评价可衡量区域发展模式的综合实力,反映了区域空间发展模式的优劣;“胞—链—形”分析框架对于都市郊区村域空间发展模式识别和划分具有较强的适用性;上海市青浦区村域空间发展模式可识别和划分为3种格局(“形”)、10种核心行政村模式传导界面(“链”)和20种行政村主导产业(“胞”),该研究结果可为都市郊区乡村空间重构提供科学依据。

关键词: 村域空间, "胞—链—形"分析, 模式识别, 乡村重构, 上海市青浦区

Abstract:

The spatial development patterns of administrative villages have attracted attention worldwide. It is a research hot-spot to identify and classify the spatial development patterns precisely in the field of rural geography. In this paper, we introduced the "cell-chain-shape" method, the gravity model, the breaking point model, the factor analysis method and the frequency statistics method, to analyze the spatial development patterns of the 184 administrative villages in Qingpu District of Shanghai Municipality. We identified the spatial development patterns (shapes) - the conductive interfaces of the spatial development patterns of the core administrative villages (chains) - the leading industries of the administrative villages (cells). In order to classify the spatial development patterns of the administrative villages, this paper identified and built them from the perspective of spatial mechanics. The results show that: (1) the evaluation results of competitiveness of spatial development patterns could weigh the comprehensive strength of the regional development patterns, and could also reflect the advantages and disadvantages of each pattern; (2) the "cell-chain-shape" method had strong applicability to identify and classify the spatial development patterns of the administrative villages in the metropolitan suburbs; (3) the spatial development patterns of the administrative villages in Qingpu District could be identified and classified into three categories of patterns (shapes), ten categories of conductive interfaces of the spatial development patterns of the core administrative villages (chains) and 20 categories of the leading industries of administrative villages (cells). The results of this study can provide policy-makers a scientific basis for rural restructuring in the metropolitan suburbs.

Key words: rural space, "cell-chain-shape" analysis, development pattern identification, rural restructuring, Qingpu District of Shanghai city