地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (11): 2009-2017.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201711007

• 北京大学地理学科发展65周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京大学环境地理研究的回顾与展望

王学军(), 李本纲, 李金玲   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-20 修回日期:2017-11-02 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王学军(1964-), 男, 辽宁阜新人, 博士, 教授, 研究方向为环境地理学。E-mail: xjwang@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41630748)

Retrospect and prospect of environmental geography research at Peking University

Xuejun WANG(), Bengang LI, Jinling LI   

  1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-10-20 Revised:2017-11-02 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-16
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41630748

摘要:

北京大学的环境地理学研究承载于城市与环境学院的环境学系,其前身为北京大学地理系自然地理学专业环境教研室。65年来北京大学的环境地理学研究从传统的自然地理学,到将化学与地理学相结合的化学地理学,再到有地学环保性质的环境地理学,研究领域不断扩大,研究内容不断深入。目前,环境学系依托地理学二级学科环境地理学,在全球或区域环境中有毒污染物的区域环境过程、污染物的生物地球化学循环和界面间的迁移转化、污染物的环境毒理效应及其生态和健康风险等领域取得了一系列具有国际显示度的创新成果,研究水平处于国内这一领域的领先位置,各研究团队还将基础研究和应用研究紧密结合,围绕环境领域的热点问题,开展了一系列面向国家重大需求的应用型研究和咨询工作,为保护生态环境以及实现经济社会可持续发展发挥了重要作用,也为国家培养了大量高水平学术型和实用型人才。未来北京大学环境地理学科将从科学创新和面向国家重大需求两个角度出发,以培养高水平人才为核心,争取在多方面逐步取得较大突破。

关键词: 北京大学, 环境地理学, 学术贡献, 展望

Abstract:

The environmental geography research at Peking University has been conducted in the College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, with the support of Ministry of Education Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes Analysis and Simulation. They grew out of the Environmental Research Section of Physical Geographical Specialty of the Department of Geography at Peking University. In 65 years of geographical research at Peking University, environmental geography research was initiated from traditional physical geography, and developed into chemical geography and environmental geography gradually in the 1970s, due to the emerging environmental pollution and ecological degradation issues in this period. Since then, the research areas have been widened gradually. Nowadays, relying on the discipline of environmental geography, one of the branches of geography, researchers in the Department of Environment Sciences have made creative achievements in the fields such as regional environmental processes of toxic pollutants, biogeochemical cycling and interface migration of pollutants, toxicological effects of pollutants and their ecological and health risks. Now, their research holds a leading position in China. In addition, this department carried out a number of applied studies and consulting studies on environmental hotspots of China, such as environmental policy making, environmental and resource law drafting, and contaminated land remediation. Their studies have played significant roles in environmental protection, ecological conservation and sustainable development of the country. In the last decades, we have fostered many high-level professional talents, who have made remarkable achievements after their graduation. In the future, the environmental geography research team at Peking University will continue its efforts in scientific research and personnel training, especially in providing comprehensive solutions for regional environmental governance, as well as for some key environmental problems related to air pollution and soil pollution, so as to meet the needs of the country.

Key words: Peking University, environmental geography, academic contribution, prospect