地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (11): 1923-1932.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201711001

• 理论前沿 •    下一篇

地理学:从知识、科学到决策

傅伯杰1,2()   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    2. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京 100085
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-19 修回日期:2017-10-12 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:傅伯杰(1958-), 男, 中国科学院院士, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会理事长(S110001618M), 主要从事地理学综合研究。E-mail: bfu@rcees.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFA0604700)

Geography: From knowledge, science to decision making support

Bojie FU1,2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2017-09-19 Revised:2017-10-12 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-16
  • Supported by:
    [National Key Research and Development Program of China, No.2017YFA0604700]

摘要:

地理学是研究地理要素或者地理综合体空间分布规律、时间演变过程和区域特征的一门学科,是自然科学与人文科学的交叉,具有综合性、交叉性和区域性的特点。随着地理信息技术发展与研究方法变革,新时期的地理学正在向地理科学进行华丽转身,研究主题更加强调陆地表层系统的综合研究,研究范式经历着从地理学知识描述、格局与过程耦合,向复杂人地系统的模拟和预测转变。在服务国内重大需求和国际全球战略过程中,地理学正在扮演愈发重要的角色,在新型城镇化、生态环境保护、水土资源管理、地缘政治等领域拥有广阔发展前景。中国地理学正面临前所未有的机遇,需要紧紧围绕国家重大需求,创新发展综合性的理论、方法和技术,逐步形成具有鲜明中国特色、深远国际影响的地理科学体系,为中国和全球的可持续发展服务。

关键词: 地理学, 可持续发展, 综合性, 范式, 人地系统

Abstract:

Geography is a subject to explore spatial distribution, time evolution and regional characteristics of geographical elements or geographical complexes. Geography is unique in bridging social sciences and natural sciences, and has characteristics of comprehensiveness, interdisciplinary research and regionalism. With the development of geographical science technology and research methods, geography is in the gorgeous historical process towards geographical science. Research themes of geography are focusing on the comprehensive research on the earth surface. The research paradigms of geography are shifting from geography knowledge description, coupling pattern and process, to the simulation and prediction of complex human and earth system. The development of Chinese geography needs to be rooted in the major needs of national strategy, and plays important roles in the studies of urbanization development, coupling ecological processes and services, water resources management and geopolitics. Under the country's major needs, China's geography tends to achieve the geography theory innovation, new method and technology application and developed disciplinary system with Chinese characteristics, and make more contribution to national and global sustainable development.

Key words: geography, sustainable development, comprehensiveness, paradigm, human and earth system