地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (10): 1800-1811.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201710006

• 区域与产业地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠三角快速城镇化地区发展的增长与收缩新现象

杜志威1,2,3(), 李郇1()   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 广州地理研究所,广州 510070
    3. 广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-16 修回日期:2017-07-08 出版日期:2017-11-10 发布日期:2017-11-06
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杜志威(1987-), 男, 广东广州人, 博士, 研究方向为城市与区域发展和规划。E-mail:chiwai_do@foxmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571118, 41271138)

Growth or shrinkage: New phenomena of regional development in the rapidly-urbanising Pearl River Delta

Zhiwei DU1,2,3(), Xun LI1()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3. Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Received:2017-01-16 Revised:2017-07-08 Online:2017-11-10 Published:2017-11-06
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571118, No.41271138

摘要:

珠江三角洲是世界范围内经济和城镇发展“增长奇迹”的典型地区,当中以东莞为代表的“外向型城镇化”模式长期受到国内外学者的关注。然而,2008年的金融危机冲击对东莞经济造成巨大冲击,市域范围同时出现了普遍增长与局部收缩两种截然不同的新空间现象。随着中国经济步入新常态,城镇化快速发展过程中伴随的局部收缩现象逐渐引起学界和社会的广泛讨论。基于此,从城镇发展要素的集聚与流动出发,结合经济、人口和用地三个维度,提出理解城镇增长与收缩的分析框架,并对不同类型特征的城镇进行区分:持续增长、转型增长、潜在收缩与显著收缩。在实证分析部分,文章以东莞为案例,通过考察各镇街单元城镇增长与收缩的时间演变和空间格局,结合典型城镇案例分析,从经济危机冲击、刘易斯转折点、路径依赖存在、制度环境安排四个方面探讨东莞城镇增长与收缩的形成机制,最后对增长与收缩的未来深化研究方向进行讨论。

关键词: 城镇化, 收缩城市, 空间格局, 珠江三角洲, 东莞市

Abstract:

The Pearl River Delta (PRD), a typical area of rapid urbanization with Dongguan as its most representative case of the 'exo-urbanization' model, has thus long been attracting scholarly attention. However, after the financial crisis in 2008, a new spatial phenomenon has emerged in Dongguan, with overall growth and partial shrinkage taking place in the same city area. As the Chinese economy steps into a state of New Normal, partial shrinkage during a process of rapid urbanization has kindled heated debate. Starting from the vacancy phenomenon caused by the outflow of development factors, this paper has integrated three analytical dimensions, i.e., economy, population, and land, to put forward a framework for understanding urban growth and shrinkage. Four types of towns have been identified in Dongguan, featuring, respectively, continuous growth, resurgent growth, moderate shrinkage, and continuous shrinkage. Moreover, time trajectory and spatial pattern of growing and shrinking have been investigated to account for the distribution characteristic of urban growth and shrinkage. Then, through probing the shocks of economic crisis, Lewisian turning point, path dependence existence and institutional arrangement, we have analyzed the mechanisms of urban growth and shrinkage amid rapid urbanization in Dongguan. Conclusions and avenues for future research are discussed in the last section.

Key words: urbanization, shrinking city, spatial pattern, Pearl River Delta, Dongguan