地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (10): 1731-1745.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201710001

• 区域与产业地理 •    下一篇

中国边境地缘经济的空间差异及影响机制

宋涛1,2(), 程艺1,3(), 刘卫东1, 刘慧1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心,昆明 650500
    3. 中国建筑设计研究院城镇规划设计研究院,北京 100044
    4. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-16 修回日期:2017-03-05 出版日期:2017-11-10 发布日期:2017-11-06
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋涛(1983-), 男, 山西太原人, 博士, 助理研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110010078M), 主要研究方向为地缘政治、区域可持续发展。E-mail:songtao@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701131, 41530634, 41530751);中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院重大咨询项目(Y02015001);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所特色所培育项目(Y55R1203YZ)

The spatial disparity and impact mechanism of geo-economy in the border areas of China

Tao SONG1,2(), Yi CHENG1,3(), Weidong LIU1, Hui LIU1,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development, Kunming 650500, China
    3. Town Planning & Research Institute, CADG, Beijing 100044, China;
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-11-16 Revised:2017-03-05 Online:2017-11-10 Published:2017-11-06
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41701131, No.41530634, No.41530751;Key Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology Strategic Consulting, No.Y02015001;Project of Featured Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research Cultivation, CAS, NO.Y55R1203YZ

摘要:

边境地区是国家重要的国土安全屏障和对外开放门户,深刻分析复杂地缘环境下,中国内陆边境地区的地缘经济合作现状及其影响机制,对于挖掘利用边境传统优势,促进中国边境、民族地区加速发展意义重大。在综合分析边境地缘经济理论的基础之上,搭建地缘经济分析框架,纳入本地经济、外向型经济、本地综合发展三大类指标后,系统刻画了中国边境地区的地缘经济发展及演化。并通过地理探测器剖析了中国边境地区地缘经济空间分异的机制。研究结果发现,边境地区的地缘经济综合发展水平总体平稳增长,空间分异明显。东北地区地缘经济的绝对优势地位逐渐下降。优势地区在空间上高度分散,呈现以东北地区的牡丹江市、内蒙古地区的包头市、新疆地区的博尔塔拉蒙古自治州、云南广西地区的德宏傣族景颇族自治州、崇左市为增长极核的空间极化格局。边境地区的地缘经济主要受国家政策的影响,以及邻国发展水平、与中国展开双边贸易的合作意愿等。政策优惠指数、交通通达度、文化接近度等因素对边境地缘经济影响显著。其中,内蒙古地区、西藏地区以邻国影响为主;东北地区、新疆地区以中国政策影响为主;云南广西地区为综合因素影响。最后,文章提出复杂地缘环境下,差异化边境地区地缘经济发展的政策建议及启示。

关键词: 边境地区, 地缘经济, 地缘政治, 地理探测器, 一带一路, 中国

Abstract:

The border region is of great significance for national security and external economic development. In the context of complex geopolitical environment, it is urgent to conduct a deep analysis of the geo-economic cooperation and its impact mechanism for accelerating development in China's border areas. On the basis of the comprehensive analysis of the frontier geo-economic theory, the framework of geo-economic analysis is built up in this paper, including three major categories of indicators: local economy, export-oriented economy, and local economic development. This paper systematically depicts the geo-economic development and its evolution in China's border areas. By using the GeogDetector, the mechanism of spatial disparity is also analyzed. It is found that the level of geo-economic development in border areas is generally stable, with obvious spatial differentiation. The absolute advantage position of geo-economy in Northeast China has gradually in a decline, while the advanced areas are highly dispersed geographically. The growth poles for geo-economic development include the Mudanjiang in Northeast China, Baotou in Inner Mongolia of North China, Bortala Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang of Northwest China, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan of Southwest China, as well as Chongzuo in Guangxi of South China. The geo-economy of the border areas are mainly influenced by the national policies, the development level of its neighbors, as well as the willingness on bilateral trade. National policies, traffic accessibility, and cultural proximity have significantly affected the geo-economic performance. Among them, the geo-economic performances of Inner Mongolia and Tibet are mainly affected by the development of neighboring countries, the northeast region and Xinjiang are mainly affected by policy supports, while Guangxi and Yunnan are affected by comprehensive factors. Finally, this paper puts forward policy suggestions and implications for geo-economic development in China's border areas in the complex geographical environment.

Key words: border areas, geo-politics, geo-economy, GeogDetector, the belt and road initiative, China