地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (8): 1392-1407.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201708005

• 产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

内陆区域中心城市金融产业集聚的演化机理——以郑东新区为例

赵建吉1,2(), 王艳华1,2, 吕可文1,2, 茹乐峰3, 苗长虹1,2()   

  1. 1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明传承与现代文明建设河南省协同创新中心,开封 475001
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475000
    3. 河南财经政法大学工程管理与房地产学院,郑州 450046
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-12 修回日期:2017-03-21 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵建吉(1983-), 男, 山东临沂人, 博士, 副教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110010216M), 主要研究方向为产业集群与区域发展。E-mail:zhaojianji@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41430637, 41601119, 41501138, 41301115);中国博士后基金特别资助项目(2014T70673);教育部人文社会科学基金项目(15XJC790010, 15YJC790111);河南省高等学校哲学社会科学研究“三重”重大项目(2014-SZZD-20);河南省高校科技创新人才支持计划(人文社科类);河南省高等学校青年骨干教师资助计划(2014GGJS-026)

The evolutionary mechanism of financial industry agglomeration in central cities of inland China: A case study of Zhengdong New District in Zhengzhou

Jianji ZHAO1,2(), Yanhua WANG1,2, Kewen LV1,2, Lefeng RU3, Changhong MIAO1,2()   

  1. 1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475000, Henan, China
    3. College of Construction Management and Real Estate, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
  • Received:2016-07-12 Revised:2017-03-21 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41430637, No.41601119, No.41501138, No.41301115;China Postdoctoral Science Special Foundation, No.2014T70673;Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education, No.15XJC790010, No.15YJC790111;Major Program of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Henan Province, No.2014-SZZD-20;Program of Science & Technology Innovation Talents in Universities of Henan Province;Young Scholar Foundation of Henan Province, No.2014GGJS-026

摘要:

基于演化和制度经济地理学,构建了区位机会窗口、金融机构衍生、区域产业分叉、制度厚度“四位一体”的分析框架,以郑州为案例,以郑东新区金融产业集聚区为对象,通过问卷调查和深度访谈,研究了中国内陆区域中心城市金融产业在特定空间的集聚过程与演化机理。研究发现:在金融产业集聚起步阶段,郑东新区开发建设为金融业发展打开了区位机会窗口;在快速发展阶段,金融机构衍生是金融业集聚和集群化发展的重要内生动力;在全面提升阶段,区域产业分叉是金融业态创新和高端要素集聚的主导力量;在郑东新区金融业集聚演化的全过程中,持续改进的政府支持与制度安排使制度厚度不断加厚,自增强机制使制度空间的粘性作用不断增强。与制造业的企业衍生、产业分叉过程不同,金融业集聚演化缺乏从大学实验室、科研机构、已有产业衍生和分叉出以技术为纽带的相关企业的实践,但对制度空间的粘性作用有更强的依赖。

关键词: 演化经济地理学, 制度经济地理学, 金融业集聚, 区域中心城市, 郑东新区

Abstract:

Evolutionary economic geography and institutional economic geography, which emerged in the late 1990s, provides the important perspective to the dynamics and spatial process of industry agglomeration. Based on the evolutionary economic geography and institutional economic geography, an analytical framework, including window of locational opportunity, financial enterprise/institution spinoff, regional branching and institutional thickness, has been proposed, and a particular perspective with respect to the key problem in economic geography of how to explain the rise and dynamics of financial industry agglomeration in inland regional central city has been explained. Accroding to financial statistics during the period 2003-2014, the relative questionnaires and qualitative interviews were conducted in Zhengdong New District. The findings can be summarized as follows: The establishment of Zhengdong New District has opened the window of locational opportunity for the financial industry in its formation stage; the spinoff of financial institution has played an important endogenous dynamic part in financial industry agglomeration in its fast development stage; regional branching laid a solid foundation for the innovation of financial formats and high-end elements agglomeration in the promotion stage; in the entire process of financial industry agglomeration, the continuous improvement of government support and institutional arrangements strengthened the institutional thickness, and the self-reinforcing mechanism made the stickiness of the institutional space continuously improving. However, some differences were found between financial industry and manufacturing industry, the agglomeration of financial industry was lack of the technology-related firms derived from university laboratory, academic institutions and existing industry, which had a stronger dependence on the stickiness of institutional thickness.

Key words: evolutionary economic geography, institutional economic geography, financial industrial agglomeration, regional central city, Zhengdong New District