地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (7): 1163-1172.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201707003

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北太平洋风暴轴的异常活动与辽宁省冬季最低气温的联系

刘鸣彦(), 侯依玲, 周晓宇, 易雪, 赵春雨, 龚强, 崔妍   

  1. 沈阳区域气候中心,沈阳 110166
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-16 修回日期:2017-03-15 出版日期:2017-08-07 发布日期:2017-08-08
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘鸣彦(1987-), 女, 辽宁沈阳人, 工程师, 主要从事气候变化及气象灾害风险评估研究。E-mail: imlmy730@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:中国气象局气候变化专项(CCSF201608, CCSF201609) 辽宁省科学技术计划项目(2015103038)辽宁省气象局科研项目(201503)中国气象局沈阳大气环境研究所开放基金 [Foundation: Climatic Change Research Item of the China Meteorological Administration, No.CCSF201608, No.CCSF201609

The North Pacific storm track anomaly and its relationship with winter minimum temperature in Liaoning Province

Mingyan LIU(), Yiling HOU, Xiaoyu ZHOU, Xue YI, Chunyu ZHAO, Qiang GONG, Yan CUI   

  1. Regional Climate Center of Shenyang, Shenyang 110166, China
  • Received:2017-01-16 Revised:2017-03-15 Online:2017-08-07 Published:2017-08-08
  • Supported by:
    Liaoning Science and Technology Project, No.2015103038 Research Item of the Liaoning Provincial Meteorological Administration, No.201503 The Open Foundation of China Meteorological Administration Shenyang Atmospheric Environment Research Institute]

摘要:

利用1975-2015年辽宁省52站逐日最低气温资料和NCEP/NCAR再分析资料,通过合成分析、相关分析等统计方法,对辽宁省冬季最低气温及北太平洋风暴轴的时空演变特征进行研究,初步探讨了北太平洋风暴轴的异常活动与辽宁省冬季最低气温的可能联系。结果表明,辽宁省冬季最低气温突变年为1986年,20世纪80年代中期以后气温表现出偏暖特征。北太平洋风暴轴与辽宁省冬季最低气温间存在同步一致地变化特征,风暴轴活动强年,辽宁省受西南气流控制,阿留申低压、西伯利亚高压强度减弱,同时东亚大槽减弱北退,东亚西风急流偏北,东亚冬季风系统活动减弱,不利于冷空气向南侵袭,辽宁省冬季最低气温偏高,反之在风暴轴活动弱年,辽宁省冬季最低气温偏低。与北太平洋风暴轴相关联的中高纬度大气环流异常变化是风暴轴强度与辽宁省冬季最低气温关系产生变化的主要原因。

关键词: 北太平洋风暴轴, 辽宁省冬季最低气温, 大气环流异常

Abstract:

Based on the daily minimum temperature data from 52 observational stations in Liaoning Province and the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data from 1975 to 2015, with composite analysis and correlation analysis, the spatial and temporal features of the winter minimum temperature in Liaoning and North Pacific storm track are analyzed, and the North Pacific storm track anomaly and its relationship with winter minimum temperature are studied. Some conclusions are drawn as follows. The winter minimum temperature in Liaoning had an obvious abrupt change around 1986, then the temperature continued to rise. The North Pacific storm track and the winter minimum temperature had synchronous consistent variation. In the years when North Pacific storm track was stronger, the winter minimum temperature was affected by the southwestern flow; at the same time, the Aleutian Low and Siberian High were at lower level, and the East Asia Trough weakened as it moved to north, the East Asian westerly jet stream at 500 hPa also moved to north. All these led to the weaker East Asian winter monsoon circulation, which was not conducive to the southward movement of cold air, leading to a higher winter temperature in Liaoning. In the years when North Pacific storm track was weaker, lower air temperature was observed in Liaoning. The main reason for the change of relationship with North Pacific storm track intensity and winter minimum temperature is anomalous change of atmospheric circulation at middle and high latitudes.

Key words: North Pacific storm track, minimum temperature in winter, atmospheric circulation anomaly, Liaoning Province