地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (6): 1118-1132.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201706013

• 交通物流与旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

民族文化资源的类型特征及成因分析——以格萨尔(果洛)文化生态保护实验区为例

朱鹤1,2(), 刘家明1(), 桑子文3, 魏文栋4, 魏宗财5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 中国传媒大学经济与管理学院,北京 100024
    4. 上海理工大学管理学院,上海 200093
    5. 华南理工大学建筑学院,广州 510641
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-12 修回日期:2017-02-25 出版日期:2017-06-25 发布日期:2017-07-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱鹤(1989-), 山东济南人, 博士, 中国地理学会会员(S1100010339M), 主要从事旅游文化地理及资源研究。E-mail: zhuhe12@mails.ucas.ac.cn

Characteristic and contribution factors of different types of ethnic cultural resources: A case study of Gesar cultural and ecological protection experiment area

He ZHU1,2(), Jiaming LIU1(), Ziwen SANG3, Wendong WEI4, Zongcai WEI5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Economic and Management College, Communication University of China, Beijing 100024, China
    4. Business School, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
    5. School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
  • Received:2016-07-12 Revised:2017-02-25 Online:2017-06-25 Published:2017-07-13

摘要:

由人类非物质文化遗产《格萨(斯)尔》史诗派生出的格萨尔文化是青藏高原地区独特的区域文化形态。文化资源是文化的载体和展示形式,具有价值性和不可替代性。研究格萨尔文化资源的分类、空间分布及成因对于探讨青藏高原地区人地关系,保护人类非物质遗产有非常重要的意义。果洛藏族自治州是格萨尔文化资源最为富集的区域,并于2014年被授予格萨尔文化生态保护实验区。本文首先对格萨尔文化资源进行界定和分类,并以果洛为例,探讨格萨尔文化资源的空间分布特征及与自然地理条件(高程、水源、坡度、坡向、可达性)的关系,并分析影响文化资源分布的原因,得出以下结论:① 格萨尔文化资源可以分为4大类,11个亚类和60个子类,果洛的格萨尔文化资源覆盖全部类型,共1189个;② 果洛格萨尔文化资源空间分布具有聚集性,其中A类文化人(团体)类集聚程度最高,并通过最近邻分析和密度分析对各类文化资源的集聚空间进行识别;③ 格萨尔文化资源的空间分布与自然地理条件有关,多位于海拔相对较低、距水源地较近的位置,不同类型的文化资源分布对坡度、坡向和可达性的关系不同。

关键词: 格萨尔文化, 文化资源, 空间分布, 成因, 果洛

Abstract:

Being a unique local cultural form derived from The Epic Gesar (human intangible cultural heritage), the Gesar culture remains primarily in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Due to its historical value, studying the classification, spatial distribution and contribution factors of Gesar culture is of great significance to explore the relationship between man and environment in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and protecting the Gesar human intangible cultural heritage. Guoluo, which boasts the richest Gesar cultural resources in China, is taken as a case in this study. Based on the definition and classification of Gesar cultural resources, this article examined the relationship between the spatial distribution characteristics of Gesar cultural resources and the physical geography factors (including elevation, water source, slope, aspect, and accessibility) in Guoluo. Subsequently, the influencing mechanisms of the above factors on the spatial distribution of cultural resources were further discussed. It was concluded that, (1) Gesar cultural resources can be divided into 4 categories, 11 sub-categories, and 60 small categories; (2) the distribution of Gesar cultural resources, especially the inheritors type, presented a pattern of cluster; the most concentrated spaces for 3 Gesar cultural resources types were identified; (3) the spatial distribution of Gesar cultural resources is closely related to the physical geography conditions. Specifically, most of them were concentrated in the proximity of water source with relatively low altitude. Moreover, the three types of Gesar cultural resources have been affected by different factors including slope, aspect, and accessibility.

Key words: Gesar culture, cultural resources, spatial distribution, contributing factor, Guoluo