地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (4): 633-645.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201704006

• 城镇化研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

对全球变化背景下长三角地区城镇化发展科学问题的思考

朱诚1(), 姜逢清2, 吴立3, 曾蒙秀1, 贾天骄1, 周生路1, 宁越敏4, 于军5, 冯学智1   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐 830011
    3. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241002
    4. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
    5. 江苏省地质调查研究院,南京 210018
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-09 修回日期:2016-11-14 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2017-05-09
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱诚(1954-), 男, 安徽歙县人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110002573H), 主要研究方向为全球变化与第四纪环境考古。E-mail: zhuchengnj@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571179, 41171163);江苏省科技支撑计划项目(BE2014705);国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAK08B02)

On the problems of urbanization in the Yangtze River Deltaunder the background of global change

Cheng ZHU1(), Fengqing JIANG2, Li WU3, Mengxiu ZENG1, Tianjiao JIA1, Shenglu ZHOU1, Yuemin NING4, Jun YU5, Xuezhi FENG1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
    3. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
    4. School of Urban & Regional Science, East Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    5. Jiangsu Geological Survey, Nanjing 210018, China
  • Received:2016-05-09 Revised:2016-11-14 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-05-09
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571179.No.4117 1163;Jiangsu Provincial Key Technology R&D Program, No.BE2014705;National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2013BAK08B02

摘要:

城镇化是中国现代化必由之路和实现经济可持续发展的长期国策。在全球变化背景下,如何科学评估并预测气候变化对城镇化发展的影响,阐释快速城镇化进程中应对气候变化的响应机制和适应模式,进而提出适应全球变化的城镇化可持续发展策略,是中国城镇化发展亟待解决的科学问题。长三角位于中国地势第三级阶梯的海岸带,海陆交互作用显著,是全球变化和人类活动剧烈相互作用的典型区域。长三角地区的城市化气候效应最强,水旱灾害、地面沉降、海面上升、极端气候事件对长三角城镇化发展的影响目前尚未作深入研究,气候变化和人类活动相互作用制约长三角的发展,长三角地区的城镇格局将如何应对气候变化和环境污染的影响?对该问题的回答是中国城镇化发展必须解决的难题,将直接决定中国城镇化可持续发展事业的成败。因此,开展长三角城镇化发展对全球变化的响应和适应对策研究,可为国家制定快速城镇化策略应对气候变化提供理论方法和科学决策依据。

关键词: 全球变化, 长三角, 城镇化, 人地相互作用

Abstract:

Urbanization is an inevitable way for China's modernization and the long-term national policy making of sustainable economic development. In the context of global change, some scientific issues, such as the influences of climate change on the development of urbanization, the response mechanism and adaptation model to the climate change in the rapidly urbanized region and the strategies for sustainable development of urbanization, have not been responded. Thus, this paper analyzes the scientific problems of urbanization in the Yangtze River Delta, a rapidly urbanized region in China, under the background of the global change. Firstly, we briefly review the progress of the research on the response of urbanization to the global change, and then based on the relevant research results we aim to focus on some problems in the urbanization in the Yangtze River Delta under the background of global change. Furthermore, from the perspective of environmental archaeology we mainly discuss the evolution of the relationship between regional climate change and urbanization development in the Yangtze River Delta. We analyze the impacts of global warming, extreme climate and human activities on the development of urbanization in the Yangtze River Delta based on the historical data of disasters and environmental problems. We think that, in the process of urbanization, the human and economic geography research should be strengthened. Finally, some priority research areas related to urbanization in this delta region are suggested.

Key words: global change, Yangtze River Delta, urbanization, human-environmental interaction