地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (4): 563-576.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201704001

• 理论探讨 •    下一篇

论乡村重构

龙花楼1,2,3(), 屠爽爽1,3,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院精准扶贫评估研究中心,北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-22 修回日期:2017-01-09 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2017-05-09
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙花楼(1971-), 男, 湖南醴陵人, 博士, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110001545M), 主要研究方向为城乡发展与土地利用转型。E-mail: longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171149)

Rural restructuring: Theory, approach and research prospect

Hualou LONG1,2,3(), Shuangshuang TU1,3,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Center for Assessment and Research on Targeted Poverty Alleviation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-11-22 Revised:2017-01-09 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-05-09
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171149

摘要:

快速城镇化进程驱动中国乡村地域发生巨大变化。乡村重构,即为适应乡村内部要素和外部调控的变化,通过优化配置和有效管理影响乡村发展的物质和非物质要素,重构乡村社会经济形态和优化地域空间格局,以实现乡村地域系统内部结构优化、功能提升以及城乡地域系统之间结构协调、功能互补的过程。本文在界定乡村重构的概念内涵,构建基于“要素—结构—功能”演变助推乡村重构的理论框架基础上,从空间重构、经济重构、社会重构视角探讨了乡村重构的实现路径,并着眼于服务当前国家重大战略需求和解决城乡转型发展进程中乡村地域系统面临的现实困境,提出了未来中国乡村重构研究需重点关注的内容。最后,就现有旨在促进乡村社会经济发展的重大引导性战略和政府干预性政策及其在实践操作中引发的一系列问题,展开批判性分析和讨论。

关键词: 乡村重构, 乡村发展转型, 乡村地域系统, 要素—结构—功能, 空间重构, 经济重构, 社会重构, 乡村地理学

Abstract:

For the sake of adapting to the changes of elements in both kernel system and external system of rural development, rural restructuring is a process of optimally allocating and efficiently managing the material and non-material elements affecting rural development, reshaping social and economic structures in rural areas and optimizing spatial pattern in rural territory, and approaching the structure optimization and function promotion of rural territorial system as well as the structure coordination and function complementation of urban-rural territorial system. Based on elaborating the concept and connotations of rural restructuring and the mechanism of promoting rural restructuring due to the evolution of "elements-structure-function", the paper probed the approaches of rural restructuring from the aspects of spatial restructuring, economic restructuring and social restructuring. In order to meet the current national strategic demands and meet the challenges of rural development in the process of urban-rural development transformation, it is in great urgency to strengthen the study on the patterns and processes, dynamic mechanism, differentiated development models, rural planning technology systems, strategies and policies for rural development, and the impacts of globalization on China's rural restructuring in the future. Finally, focusing on a series of problems in the implementation of some important government intervention policies, which is aimed at boosting the social and economic development of rural areas in recent years, a critical analysis and discussion is carried out.

Key words: rural restructuring, rural development transformation, rural territorial system, elements-structure-function, spatial restructuring, economic restructuring, social restructuring, rural geography