地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (12): 2119-2128.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201612004

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基于供给侧结构性改革的空心村综合整治研究

胡智超1,2(), 彭建1, 杜悦悦1, 宋治清1, 刘彦随3,4, 王仰麟1()   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
    2. 北京工业大学建筑与城市规划学院,北京 100124
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4. 北京师范大学土地与城乡发展研究院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-12 修回日期:2016-08-20 出版日期:2016-12-25 发布日期:2016-12-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡智超(1987-), 男, 内蒙古赤峰人, 讲师, 从事人文地理与城乡规划研究。E-mail: huzc@bjut.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    “十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL01B01)

Reconstructing hollow villages in the view of structural reform of the supply side

Zhichao HU1,2(), jian PENG1, Yueyue DU1, Zhiqing SONG1, Yansui LIU3,4, Yanglin WANG1()   

  1. 1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and EnvironmentSciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Land and Urban-Rural Development, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2016-05-12 Revised:2016-08-20 Online:2016-12-25 Published:2016-12-26
  • Supported by:
    The National Science and Technology Support Plan, No.2014BAL01B01

摘要:

供给侧结构性改革是新时期推动中国经济持续增长的重要顶层设计,其实施将惠及农村的转型发展进程。空心村综合整治以优化重构乡村空间、促进城乡要素流动为目标,通过村庄整治盘活农村闲置土地及其他资源。本文以空心村综合整治为研究对象,探究了供给侧结构性改革对于空心村整治工作推进的现实意义。结果表明,传统单纯依托需求管理的经济增长方式很大程度上导致了空心村问题的出现和加剧。供给侧结构性改革将从补短板、去库存、增加制度供给三方面服务于空心村综合整治工作。为确保空心村综合整治关键技术推广应用,构建了空心村综合整治的制度保障体系,具体包括农村转移人口落户制度、宅基地有偿退出转让制度、空心村整治财税制度以及就业安置和福利制度。最后,基于城镇化背景下农村“人地宅”关系的演进历程梳理,探讨了供给侧结构性改革对于农村新型“人地宅”关系构建的重要意义。

关键词: 供给侧结构性改革, 空心村综合整治, 宅基地, 制度供给, “人地宅”, 关系

Abstract:

The structural reform of the supply side is a crucial top-level design for promoting sustainable economic growth in China right now. Its implementation will do a great deal to help the rural transformation process. With the goal of optimizing rural spatial structures and promoting the flow of resources and information between urban and rural communities, the reconstruction of hollow villages can revitalize idle land and maximize resources. This research investigated how the structural reform of the supply side might influence the reconstruction of hollow villages. The results indicated that the traditional economic growth mode which simply relied on the demand side led to the emergence and aggravation of the hollow village problem. In contrast, the structural reform of the supply side would promote the reconstruction of hollow villages in three ways: accelerating development in rural areas, reducing existing inventories in real estate, and increasing the supplies of institutions. In order to ensure that key technologies would be successfully applied in the process of hollow village reconstruction, in our study we built an institutional security system, which included a settlement institution for rural immigrants, a management institution for rural homesteading, a fiscal and taxation institution for hollow village consolidation, and a social welfare and employment institution. Based on the research of evolution history for "human-land-house" relationship, the article discussed the significance that the structural reform of the supply side would have on new "human-land-house" relationship establishment.

Key words: structural reform of the supply side, hollow village, rural homestead, institutional supplement, "human-land-house" relationship