地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (12): 2103-2119.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201612003

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国家节点战略的实施路径及其经济效应评价

齐元静1,2(), 金凤君3, 刘涛4, 焦敬娟5   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学水土保持学院,北京 100083
    2. 北京林业大学林业生态工程教育部工程技术研究中心,北京 100083
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4. 中国人民大学,北京 100872
    5. 北京交通大学,北京 100044
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-23 修回日期:2016-10-13 出版日期:2016-12-25 发布日期:2016-12-26
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:齐元静(1980-), 男, 山东淄博人, 博士, 讲师, 主要研究方向为城镇化、经济地理与区域发展、城市与区域规划。E-mail: qiyuanjing0506@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401121), 北京林业大学新进教师科研启动基金项目(BLX2013028)

Implementation methods and economic impacts ofnational node strategies

Yuanjing QI1,2(), Fengjun JIN3, Tao LIU4, Jingjuan JIAO5   

  1. 1. School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. Engineering Technology Research Center of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    5. Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2016-06-23 Revised:2016-10-13 Online:2016-12-25 Published:2016-12-26
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401121,The New Teachers' Scientific Research Program funded by Beijing Forestry University, No.BLX2013028

摘要:

以试点改革为特色、依托关键节点逐步推进是改革开放以来中国区域开发的重要经验。在对改革开放以来中国区域政策演进的过程与特征梳理的基础上,本文将围绕重要节点的区域开发战略界定为国家节点战略,系统阐述了其理论基础与基本内涵,并以改革开放不同时期的深圳特区、上海浦东新区和天津滨海新区为例,定量考察了国家节点战略对中国区域经济格局演变的影响。研究发现,中国区域政策大体上经历了以经济特区为龙头的探索阶段、以开发区为主导的推广阶段和以国家级新区与国家综合配套改革试验区为载体的优化阶段等三个阶段,其中国家节点战略发挥了重要的示范与引领作用,推动了中国区域政策由点及面的螺旋式演进,在此过程中政府的角色也发生了相应的转变。作为增长极理论在中国转型时期的创新性应用与发展,国家节点战略不仅是区域发展“引擎”和重要增长极,也是转型期中国制度创新的重要载体;国家节点战略地区与区域发展实现了良性耦合,形成了梯次区域开发模式。实证研究表明,国家节点战略是政府引导与调控区域发展的重要手段,其经济效应呈明显的复杂多元特征及阶段性和尺度差异特征。

关键词: 区域政策, 国家节点战略, 政策型增长极, 经济效应

Abstract:

Pilot reforms gradually implemented through key nodes have become an important pattern of regional development in China since the introduction of its reform and opening up policy in 1978. On the basis of an analysis of the evolution processes and characteristics of regional development policies in China since the launch of the reform and opening up policy, this paper develops the concept and analytical framework of national node strategies (NNS), defined as regional development strategies centered on important nodes, by addressing their theoretical basis and research scope, before exploring quantitatively their regional economic impacts through the examples of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, Pudong New Area, and Binhai New Area from different stages of the reform and opening up drive. The results indicate that the evolution of China's regional development policies can be divided into three stages, namely the exploration stage led by Special Economic Zones, the expansion stage dominated by Economic Development Zones, and the optimization stage featuring New State-level New Areas and National Comprehensive Reform Pilot Areas. During all the three stages, NNS have played an important demonstrative and leading role and promoted the rapid evolution of China's regional development policies from localized trails to widespread implementation, and the role of the government has also changed accordingly. As an innovative application and development of growth pole theory for a transitional period in China, NNS have become "engines" of regional development as well as important conduits of institutional innovations. NNS and regional development have achieved a benign coupling and formed a gradated regional development model. Empirical research indicates that NNS are an important method of the government for guiding and regulating regional economic development, with complex and diverse economic effects that differ depending on their stage and scale.

Key words: regional development policy, national node strategy, policy growth pole, economic impact