地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (10): 1815-1832.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201610012

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后现代地理语境下同性恋社会空间与社交网络——以北京为例

冯健(), 赵楠   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-24 修回日期:2016-05-06 出版日期:2016-11-28 发布日期:2016-11-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:冯健(1975-), 男, 副教授, 博士, 主要从事城市地理研究。E-mail: fengjian@pku.edu.cn“出柜”指向他人表明自己的同性恋身份。

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671157)

The social space and network of homosexual groups in context of postmodern geography: A case study of Beijing

FENG Jian(), ZHAO Nian   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2015-07-24 Revised:2016-05-06 Online:2016-11-28 Published:2016-11-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41671157

摘要:

采用参与式观察、问卷调查和访谈相结合的方法,以北京作为实证研究地区,探讨后现代地理语境下同性恋社会空间与社交网络的发展特点。北京同性恋场所呈现出多元化的发展趋势,场所影响参与者的行为和心理,而人也对场所产生反作用,群体活动使物理空间具备性别特征,并转变为充满主观感觉的“地方”。同性恋社交网络表现出对互联网的依赖性和不稳定性特点,并与同性恋者的“日常生活”空间相脱离。社交空间的破碎化、参与者的不稳定性和政府管制的影响都促成了同性恋社交网络的不稳定性。后现代地理中打破语言中心主义、提倡多元化和权力关系反转等原理可用来诠释同性恋的社交空间,另外,同性恋空间的研究从亚文化或少数群体文化的层面诠释了社会—空间辩证法。本文还对西方文献中“同性恋聚居区”和“同性恋的城市本质”论断进行了中国的回应。

关键词: 同性恋, 社会空间, 社交网络, “, 社会—, 空间”, 辩证法, 北京

Abstract:

This article explores the development characteristics of homosexual's social space and social network under the frame of postmodern geography. Based on the empirical study of Beijing, the research adopts the methods of the participant observation, questionnaire, and interview. On one hand, the homosexual space in Beijing is gradually showing a trend into pluralism. The space influences the behavior and mentality of participants and the participants inversely affect the space. Furthermore, the group activity of participants indicates the gender type of the physical space and transforms it into a 'place' which is permeated with subjective feelings. On the other hand, the homosexual social network exhibits the instability and the dependency on the internet. Besides, the network is isolated with the 'daily activity' space of the homosexuals. The fragmentation of the social space, the instability of the participants, and the government regulation synergistically induce the instability of the homosexual social network. Postmodern geography overcomes the limitation of glottocentrism, advocates the pluralism and suggests the reversal of power relations. These theories with other perspectives in the postmodern geography interpret the homosexual social space in detail. Meanwhile, the study of the homosexual space annotates the socio-spatial dialectic in the aspect of the subculture. In addition, the inferences of the 'homosexual getto' and 'homosexual urbanity' in the western literatures are discussed in the condition associated with the reality of China.

Key words: homosexual, social space, social network, socio-spatial dialectic, Beijing