地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (10): 1721-1730.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201610005

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社区建成环境对健康的影响——基于居民个体超重的实证研究

孙斌栋1,2, 阎宏1,2(), 张婷麟1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-12 修回日期:2016-05-06 出版日期:2016-11-28 发布日期:2016-11-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙斌栋(1970-), 男, 河北阜平人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110006693M), 主要研究方向为城市地理、城市规划和区域经济。E-mail: bdsun@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41471139) 上海哲学社会科学规划课题(2014BCK003);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41471139Shanghai Social Science Foundation, No.2014BCK003

Impact of community built environment on residents' health:A case study on individual overweight

SUN Bindong1,2, YAN Hong1,2(), ZHANG Tinglin1,2   

  1. 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2016-02-12 Revised:2016-05-06 Online:2016-11-28 Published:2016-11-28

摘要:

随着中国经济发展和居民生活水平的提升,超重和肥胖问题开始显现,严重影响到居民的身体健康。基于中国家庭追踪调查的全国抽样数据,采用结构方程模型检验社区建成环境对居民个体超重的影响。研究发现,控制社会经济属性后,提高社区人口密度或设施可达性、缩短居民到公交站距离,可以通过减少个体机动化出行倾向而间接降低超重的可能性,但对超重的直接效应及总效应为正。这一结论与西方发达国家的经验不同,因此制定健康政策需要基于中国自身国情和规律,在建成环境方面应重点提高室外空间可步行性和休闲吸引力。

关键词: 建成环境, 超重, 出行方式, 结构方程, 中国

Abstract:

With the rapid economic development and living condition improvement in China, the problem of obesity becomes increasingly serious and threats to the residents' health. Based on the data of China family panel studies, this study examined the association among community built environment, individual commuting mode choice and overweight of adults with the structural equation model. It is concluded that community built environment has a significant effect on individual commuting mode choice and overweight. After social economic factors are controlled, improving population density and degree of accessibility of facilities, shortening the distance to the nearest bus station will lower the likelihood of overweight by the intermediary role of reducing private motorized commuting; however, the direct and total effects are positive. The latter conclusion contrasts with findings from western developed countries. In order to alleviate the obesity problem of China through geographical perspective, we should make urban planning policy according to China's own conditions and rules.

Key words: built environment, commuting mode, overweight, structural equation model, China