地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (9): 1484-1493.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201609002

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自然地理学综合研究理论与实践之继承与创新

吴绍洪(), 赵东升, 尹云鹤, 杨勤业, 张雪芹   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-15 修回日期:2016-08-31 出版日期:2016-11-25 发布日期:2016-11-28
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴绍洪(1961-), 研究员, 主要从事自然地理综合研究。E-mail: wush@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41530749)

Continuation and innovation of integrated studies in physical geography

Shaohong WU(), Dongsheng ZHAO, Yunhe YIN, Qinye YANG, Xueqin ZHANG   

  1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences andNatural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2016-08-15 Revised:2016-08-31 Online:2016-11-25 Published:2016-11-28
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530749

摘要:

自然地理综合研究是指将陆地表层地貌、气候、水文、植被、土壤等基本要素融为一体,研究各要素之间总的联系,研究单个要素及其周围现象之间的联系,从而揭示出陆地表层要素相互作用的过程及其形成的格局。这是认识自然地理环境形成和发展的根本途径。地理学家郑度先生,在自然地理综合研究的理论与实践的长期探索中取得开拓性成果,是当代自然地理综合研究的引领者之一。他在青藏高原自然环境的地域分异与格局研究中,构建了高原山地垂直带谱系统,阐明了高海拔区域三维地带性规律,揭示出高原独特的地生态现象及其空间格局,证实并确认高原寒冷干旱的核心区域,提出了青藏高原自然地域系统方案;在自然地域系统综合研究中,建立了适用于山地与高原的自然区划原则和方法,提出中国生态地理区域系统的新方案;在生态建设领域,强调要重视地域分异和尊重自然规律,指出干旱区土地和水资源的开发利用要重视区域发展和环境的协调;基于人类与自然界和谐的理念,他积极推动区域发展中环境伦理的研究和应用。本文回顾分析郑度先生半个多世纪以来,在自然地理学综合研究的理论与实践成果,力图从中参悟郑度先生自然地理综合研究的系统性思想以及开拓进取、探索创新的科研方法。

关键词: 郑度, 自然地理综合研究, 青藏高原, 生态地理区域系统, 环境伦理

Abstract:

A key characteristic of physical geography is the integrated study, which regards key physical factors of land surface, such as geomorphology, climate, hydrology, vegetation and soil, as a whole to examine interaction mechanism of the factors and land surface pattern caused by the interaction. As an outstanding geographer and Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor Zheng Du has long been endeavoring to promote the studies of theory and practice on integrated physical geography and obtained initiative achievement. In the research on spatial pattern and differentiation of physio-geographical regions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, he established a vertical zonality system on plateau's montane area, announced the law of three-dimensional zonality on the plateau, clarified the developing mechanism of unique geo-ecological landscapes of the plateau and their spatial pattern, identified altitudinal cold and dry core region on the earth and developed regionlizational scheme of physio-geographical of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In the research on physical geographical regionalization, he constructed principle and methodology of physio-geographical regionalization on plateau and mountain, and proposed a novel scheme of China's eco-geographical regionalization. His theory and methods was widely applied to guide ecological construction. He placed emphasis on observing differential regulation of physio-geographical regions and respecting natural law in ecological construction, and further pointed out that harmonious relationship between economic development and environmental protection should be paid more attention in use of water and land resources in developing arid regions of northwest China. Based on ideal of harmony between man and nature, he strived to promote research and practice of environmental ethics in regional sustainable development. In this paper, the authors review Professor Zheng Du's studies and practices in integrated physical geography over the last 50 years or more in order to understand his systematic theories and innovative research methodology in this field.

Key words: Professor Zheng Du, integrated studies in physical geography, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China's eco-geographical regionalization, environmental ethics