地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (8): 1283-1301.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201608001

• •    下一篇

基于社会地图的东莞市社会空间研究

刘云刚(), 苏海宇()   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-14 修回日期:2015-12-30 出版日期:2016-08-25 发布日期:2016-08-30
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973-), 男, 内蒙古呼和浩特人, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110005141M), 主要研究方向为城市地理学、政治地理学、生活空间论。E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571130, 41271165, 41130747)

Social space analysis based on social atlas: A case study of Dongguan city

Yungang LIU(), Haiyu SU()   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2015-07-14 Revised:2015-12-30 Online:2016-08-25 Published:2016-08-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571130, No.41271165, No.41130747

摘要:

既有社会空间研究以社会区研究居多,主要基于社会区理论和因子生态分析方法,较多考虑分析对象的社会属性而非空间特征,对社会空间的空间侧面刻画不足,其分析结果也常常被聚类人口的数据特征所左右。本文尝试基于社会地图方法,以人口普查数据和社会设施机构POI数据首先进行社会空间属性的归纳,制作社会地图,并以此为基础,采用归纳的方法渐进探索中国城市社会空间的特征。具体以东莞市为例,通过社会地图归纳方法将东莞市划分为3大类、11小类社会空间,并具体解析了多种社会空间要素组合类型。和既有基于社会区的分析结果相比,本文对各类社会要素在城市空间上的分布及其组合特征描述更为精细,其结果对认识中国社会空间特质及其后的社会空间政策制定更具参考意义。本文认为,基于社会地图的社会空间研究,有助于自下而上地发现有别于西方的中国城市社会空间特征和结构,也有助于建立基于中国的社会空间理论,值得进一步推广和尝试。

关键词: 社会地图, 社会空间, 社会要素, 社会区, 东莞市

Abstract:

Social area analysis is a conventional approach of studying social division and social structure in urban area. However, it mainly focused on the interpretation of demographic indicators, but neglected spatial dimension, thus it is generally difficult to discover the diversity of social space in different cities by such way. Taking the methods of social atlas for reference, this paper primarily attempts to present a series of social maps based on the Sixth National Census and POI data from electronic map. And then, from the characteristics of the maps, an improved index system of social space is brought forward, which includes "demographic properties", "social facilities" and "organization" . With a cluster analysis based on this system, 11 types of social areas are identified in Dongguan, namely (1) old city center, (2) high-rise residential and commercial areas, (3) general residential areas, (4) sub-commercial center, (5) administration center, (6) industrial community areas, (7) low density suburban areas, (8) historical culture areas, (9) new residential areas, (10) agricultural areas, and (11) old age community. Furthermore, it can be concluded into 3 kinds of social space: urban community, rural community, and rural migrant workers community, which demonstrated that Dongguan shows a Triad Spatial Structure model. In the end, this research declares that social atlas is an advanced research method for social space analysis in urban area, as it effectively help to understand the complexity of social space, and reconstruct the research framework of social space in China.

Key words: social atlas, social space, social element, social area, Dongguan city