地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 1074-1094.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606013

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    

长海县海岛旅游化效应时空分异研究

杨俊1,2(), 葛雨婷1, 席建超2, 葛全胜2, 李雪铭1   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学 自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,大连 116029
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-21 修回日期:2016-01-15 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-07-05
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨俊(1978-), 男, 湖北孝昌人, 博士后, 副教授, 主要从事人居环境、土地利用变化与地理信息系统应用研究。E-mail: yangjun@lnnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471140);辽宁省高等学校杰出青年学者成长计划(LJQ2015058)

Spatial-temporal island tourismification effects differentiation of Changhai county

Jun YANG1,2(), Yuting GE1, Jianchao XI2, Quansheng GE2, Xueming LI1   

  1. 1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. Key Laboatory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-10-21 Revised:2016-01-15 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-07-05
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41471140;Outstanding Youth Program of Liaoning Province, No.LJQ2015058

摘要:

研究以海岛旅游规划为基础,以大连长海县为例,分析长海县海岛旅游化效应的时空演变特征与驱动因素。结果表明:① 海岛在旅游地演化过程中表现为旅游地景观旅游化阶段(2002-2009年)和旅游地后台旅游化阶段(2009-2012年)。② 在旅游用地的时空扩展尺度上,呈现出时间扩展和空间扩展并存的格局。在旅游用地的功能变化上,海岛土地的功能逐渐从单一功能向综合多元化功能转变。③ 在机理研究上,以旅游资源为原生动力,旅游交通、社会因素和经济因素等为内生驱动,政府政策引导旅游企业和旅游客源市场等为外部驱动成为海岛旅游化的主要动力。

关键词: 旅游化效应, 时空分异, 海岛旅游, 旅游用地, 驱动因素, 长海县

Abstract:

Based on island tourism planning, this paper analyses the temporal and spatial evolution characteristics and driving mechanism of island tourism effects of Changshan islands through investigation by means of the importance degree of tourism evolution concept model, tourism authenticity indices and changes in tourism function from the point of urban tourism. The results show that: (1) The islands have experienced the landscape tourism stage of tourism destination in the process of tourism evolution (2002-2009) and the background tourism stage of tourism destination (2009-2012). (2) The islands take on the coexistence of time expansion and space expansion from the time and space expansion scales of tourism destination. In terms of the expansion intensity of tourism destination, the expansion is converted from horizontal direction to vertical direction, and the intensive degree of land use sharply rises. As to the function, the island land use has changed from single function to comprehensive and diversified function. (3) Mechanism analysis shows that it has become a main trend that the island tourism takes tourist resources as original driving forces, tourist transportation as well as social and economic factors as endogenous driving forces, and tourist enterprises along with tourist source market as an external driver under the guidance of government policy.

Key words: tourismification effects, spatial-temporal differentiation, island tourism, tourism land use, driving factors, Changhai county