地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 1010-1024.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606009

• 城镇化发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市社会空间结构演变跟踪研究

周春山1,2(), 胡锦灿1,2(), 童新梅1,2, 边艳3   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
    3. 广州大学工商管理学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-10 修回日期:2015-11-04 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-07-04
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周春山(1964-), 男, 河南信阳人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划、城市空间结构与形态。E-mail: zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271182)

The socio-spatial structure of Guangzhou and its evolution

Chunshan ZHOU1,2(), Jincan HU1,2(), Xinmei TONG1,2, Yan BIAN3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation,Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. School of Business Administration, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2015-06-10 Revised:2015-11-04 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-07-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271182]

摘要:

本文目的是对1985-2010年广州市社会空间结构演变进行跟踪研究。首先,利用第六次全国人口普查数据,运用因子生态分析方法对广州市2010年社会区进行分析,提取出7个主因子并划分7类社会区;并与2000年和1985年的广州市社会区研究作对比。结果发现:① 社会区影响主因子大多具有持续性,且持续作用在增强,个别非持续性主因子具有鲜明的时代特征;② 1985-2000年,社会区演变以类型更替为主,地域空间分异为辅,2000-2010年,则反之;③ 证实了2000年研究提出的基于老城区发展、基于工业和教育“飞地”发展和基于农村社区发展的社会区演变模式存在,同时总结出基于近郊小城镇发展的社会区演变新模式;④ 社会空间结构演变受市场机制、行政机制和家庭生命周期机制共同作用。

关键词: 社会空间结构, 社会区, 结构演变, 影响机制, 广州市

Abstract:

Research into urban socio-spatial structure was first introduced to Chinese geographers in 1986. Since the beginning of the free-market economic reform in 1987, Chinese cities have changed rapidly and have attracted substantial attention from academia. Chinese case studies have predominantly concerned megacities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. As the pioneer of China's reform and opening-up, Guangzhou is representative of large Chinese cities in the transformation of the socio-spatial structure. The first research was initiated in the social areas of Guangzhou in 1985. Zhou used data from the fifth population census of 2000 to analyze the social areas of Guangzhou and identified three evolution modes of the socio-spatial structure: the first is based on the development of the old city, the second fouses on the development of the educational or industrial "enclave", and the third presents the development of agricultural areas. The research on the evolution of urban socio-spatial structure, as a vital part of urban geography study, needs a long-term follow-up survey and analysis. Thus, using the Factor Ecological Analysis (FEA), this paper analyzes the social area in Guangzhou with the Sixth National Population Census data of 2010, and further divides the social area into 7 sub-types based on the 7 main factors. Comparing the studies of the 2000s and 1985, we found that: (1) Most of the principal factors are available for the years of 1985-2010, and they have played an increasingly important role during the period studied. In addition, some individual principal factors only appear in a certain year, thus have strong distinct characteristics. (2) The evolution of social areas in Guangzhou has been mainly characterized by type conversion and followed by regional spatial differentiation in 1985-2000; and vice versa in 2000-2010. (3) This study further found evidence of the three evolution modes proposed in 2000 based on the development of the old town, development of enclave of industry and education, and development of the rural community; then it put forward a new model based on the development of the social areas in suburban towns; (4) The market mechanism, administrative mechanism and the family life cycle mechanism work together to the evolution of socio-spatial structure.

Key words: socio-spatial structure, social area, structure evolution, impact mechanism, Guangzhou