地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 956-969.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606005

• 地缘政治 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地缘经济联系的时空演化特征及其内部机制

杨文龙1,2(), 杜德斌1,2(), 刘承良1,2, 马亚华2,3   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学科技创新与发展战略研究中心,上海 200062
    3. 上海师范大学商学院,上海 200235
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-29 修回日期:2015-11-06 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-06-30
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨文龙(1991-), 男, 博士, 主要从事世界地理和创新地理研究。E-mail: yangwenlong_pt@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471108)

Study on the spatial-temporal evolution and internal mechanism of geo-economic connections of China

Wenlong YANG1,2(), Debin DU1,2(), Chengliang LIU1,2, Yahua MA2,3   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Institute for Innovation and Strategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 20062, China
    3. School of Business, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200235, China
  • Received:2015-09-29 Revised:2015-11-06 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-06-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41471108]

摘要:

随着冷战结束以及全球化深入发展,国家之间经济相互依存明显加强,地缘政治在内容和形式上从以安全为主的高政治向以经济为主的低政治转变,地缘经济成为研究焦点。本文运用空间探索性方法、碎化指数和显性比较优势指数等工具,揭示中国在全球经济空间中地缘经济联系的演化特征;借助灰色关联度分析方法探索中国地缘经济联系演化的内部机制。结论为:① 中国地缘经济联系经历了“孕育—萌芽—兴起—繁荣”四个阶段,与经济发展以及产业结构调整存在显著的相关性;② 中国的优势部门仍以劳动密集型产业为主,逐步形成资金和技术密集型产业的竞争优势,初级产品劣势日益显现;③ 中国经济权力空间的异质化特征明显,地缘经济联系呈现大国集聚效应和地理临近效应。随着时间推移,地缘经济联系空间趋于均质化,经济权力半径不断向外围拓展,不仅同美日欧等发达国家保持稳定的地缘经济联系,与非洲、拉丁美洲等发展中国家和地区的联系也不断加强;④ 资本禀赋、科技禀赋和人力禀赋是中国地缘经济联系时空演化的主要内在动力,资本禀赋是中国地缘经济发展的核心驱动力,科技禀赋是重要的推动力,人力禀赋是主要的基础优势。

关键词: 地缘经济, 时空演化, 要素禀赋, 内部机制, 探索性空间数据分析, 中国

Abstract:

The interdependence of economics among countries has been distinctly enhanced due to the end of the Cold War and the intensification of globalization. In terms of its content and form, geo-politics has shifted from a "high political area", which focuses on safety, to a "low political area", which emphasizes economics, making geo-economics the focus of the researches. Using tools including Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), Fragmentation Index and Revealed Comparative Advantage Index, this paper revealed China's evolutionary characteristics of geo-economic connections at the global scale, and explored its internal mechanism by grey relational analysis. The results show: (1) China's geo-economic connections have undergone 4 periods of "Inoculating - Sprouting - Rising - Flourishing", which were significantly correlated to economic development and the industrial restructuring. (2) Labor-intensive industry is currently dominant in China, but capital-intensive and technology-intensive industries are gradually developing, and the disadvantages of primary goods is prominent. (3) China's economic power is heterogeneous across space. The geo-economic connections could be identified as global powers' agglomeration and geographical proximity, but it became homogeneous through time and the diameter of economic power has continuously expanded. China has not only maintained stable geo-economic connections with developed countries like the United States of America, Japan and some European countries, but also strengthened connections with developing countries in Africa and South America. (4) Capital, technology and labor endowments are the main internal driving forces behind the spatial-temporal evolution of China's geo-economic connections, among which capital endowment is the key driving force, technology endowment is the important impetus and labor endowment is the fundamental advantage.

Key words: geo-economics, spatial-temporal evolution, production endowment, internal mechanism, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), China