地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 940-955.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606004

• 地缘政治 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理本性进化与全球地缘政治经济基础探析

王铮1(), 韩钰1, 胡敏2, 朱艳硕1, 吴静1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所,北京 100190
    2西北大学,西安 710127
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-28 修回日期:2016-03-23 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-07-04
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王铮(1954-), 男, 中国地理学会会员(S110003918H), 主要从事理论地理学、计算经济学、计算地理学等研究。E-mail: wangzheng@casipm.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171104);中国科学院重大咨询项目(Y501141S03)

The global geopolitical and geopolinomical structure from the evolution of geographic natures

Zheng WANG1(), Yu HAN1, Min HU2, Yanshuo ZHU1, Jing WU1   

  1. 1. Institute of Policy and Management, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2015-08-28 Revised:2016-03-23 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-07-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171104;Key Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.Y501141S03

摘要:

从克鲁格曼的地理本性论出发认识全球地缘政治经济基础。本文通过收集2000-2012年的世界主要21个国家(地区)的金融业和制造业增加值,运用区位商模型分析世界主要国家(地区)的金融业与制造业发展集中度,同时对各国资源输出情况进行对比,最后进行聚类分析。结果发现:全球一体化使世界典型国家(地区)类型趋于明显,呈现新的“三个世界”特征:美国、英国、瑞士、新加坡以及中国香港属金融业主导国家(地区);泰国、中国大陆、韩国、德国、日本、越南和中国台湾属制造业主导国家(地区);加拿大、俄罗斯、印度尼西亚、马来西亚、澳大利亚和墨西哥属资源开发业主导国家;印度和法国目前在多领域均得到发展,属过渡型国家。这种地理本性决定的经济分工分类,是各国的地缘政治经济学基础,将影响他们的地缘政治经济学立场。

关键词: 地理本性, 区位商, 地缘政治经济结构

Abstract:

This paper tried to understand the global geopolitical economic base from the view of Krugman geographical natures. By collecting the added value in the financial and manufacture sectors of the world's major 21 countries or regions from 2000 to 2012, the authors applied a location quotient model to analyze quantitatively the and concentration status of the world's major countries in both sectors, compared with the situation of resources output in countries and regions. The paper obtained a clustering catalogue list, i.e. "Three Worlds" in globalization era: financial-leading countries (areas) such as USA, UK, Switzerland, Singapore and Hong Kong (China), manufacturing-leading countries (areas) such as Thailand, China, South Korea, Germany, Japan, Vietnam and Taiwan (China), and resource development leading countries (areas) such as Canada, Russia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia and Mexico. Some countries like India and France, surfaced in equivalent development and might be defined as transitional countries. This classification of economic division may be a guidance for the standing points in each country in geopolitical and geopolinomical sense.

Key words: geographical nature, location quotient, geopolinomical structure