地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 899-913.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606001

• 理论与方法 •    下一篇

问卷调查方法在中国人文地理学研究的应用

湛东升1,2(), 张文忠1(), 余建辉1, 党云晓1,2, 李小云1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-21 修回日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-07-04
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:湛东升(1987-), 男, 安徽寿县人, 博士, 研究方向为城市地理。E-mail: zhands@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230632);国家自然科学基金项目(41201169)

Application of questionnaire survey method in human geography studies in China

Dongsheng ZHAN1,2(), Wenzhong ZHANG1(), Jianhui YU1, Yunxiao DANG1,2, Xiaoyun LI1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-09-21 Revised:2016-01-04 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-07-04
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230632;National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.41201169]

摘要:

问卷调查方法是人文地理学微观研究的重要工具,在以人为本的城市发展理念影响下开始得到广泛应用。本文运用文献计量方法分析问卷调查方法在中国人文地理学研究的应用概况,同时以2013年北京宜居城市问卷调查为案例,重点阐述问卷调查过程的抽样方案设计思想,最后对问卷调查方法的主要应用领域进行回顾总结,以期促进问卷调查方法在中国人文地理学研究的科学规范应用。研究发现:问卷调查方法在中国人文地理学研究的应用逐渐增强,研究内容不断拓展与深化,研究区域涵盖不同空间尺度、并以微观尺度为趋势,研究方法以数理统计、GIS空间分析等定量方法为主,但对问卷抽样设计阐述却不够科学规范;通过2013年北京宜居城市问卷调查案例分析,强调对问卷收集方法、抽样方式和抽样框选取、样本量确定等内容所构成的抽样方案设计过程重视,以加强问卷调查数据的科学采集;问卷调查方法在时空行为、人居环境、城市社会、旅游行为和农户行为等主题展开大量应用实践,在此基础上对问卷调查方法研究框架进行总结,并提出国内问卷调查方法应用的改进方向。

关键词: 问卷调查方法, 人文地理学, 文献计量, 宜居城市, 中国

Abstract:

As an important tool for microscopic studies in human geography, questionnaire survey method has been widely used in developing people-oriented urban concepts. In order to support a scientific and standardized application of questionnaire survey method in human geography studies in China, this paper explored previous studies on the application of questionnaire survey method in human geography in China using the literature metrological method. Taking the survey of Beijing Livable City in 2013 as a case study, we illustrated the design framework and sampling strategy in the questionnaire survey procedure, and summarized some key application areas of questionnaire survey method subsequently. The results showed that: On the positive side, with the extension of human geography, questionnaire survey method tended to be a key approach to collecting data in a wide range of related research topics. However, most studies chose mathematical and statistical models or GIS spatial analysis as the principal method, while the scientific use of questionnaire survey method are often neglected, especially in the sampling design. We suggested that human geographers should pay more attention than before to the whole process of sampling scheme design, which is composed of questionnaire collection method, sampling method, sampling frame selection and the determination of sample size in order to obtain data efficiently. Lastly, questionnaire survey method was widely used in research areas including time and space behavior, living environment, urban society, tourist behavior and rural household behavior. Finally, based on the research framework of questionnaire survey method, we put forward five schemes to improve the application of questionnaire survey method in human geography studies.

Key words: questionnaire survey method, human geography, literature metrology, livable city, China