地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (4): 531-550.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201604001

• •    下一篇

特大城市群地区城镇化与生态环境交互耦合效应解析的理论框架及技术路径

方创琳1, 周成虎1, 顾朝林2, 陈利顶3, 李双成4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 清华大学建筑学院,北京100084;
    3. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京100875;
    4. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-28 发布日期:2020-05-22
  • 作者简介:方创琳(1966-), 男, 甘肃庆阳人, 研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110001715M), 主要研究方向为城市地理、城市群发展与城镇化的资源环境效应等。E-mail: fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590840, 41590842)

Theoretical analysis of interactive coupled effects between urbanization and eco-environment in mega-urban agglomerations

FANG Chuanglin1, ZHOU Chenghu1, GU Chaolin2, CHEN Liding3, LI Shuangcheng4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Urbanand Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    4. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2016-01-28 Online:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41590840, No.41590842]

摘要: 特大城市群地区是国家经济发展的战略核心区和国家新型城镇化的主体区,担当着世界经济重心转移承载地的历史重任,但在发展过程中面临着日益严重的资源与生态环境的胁迫压力。开展特大城市群地区城镇化与生态环境交互耦合效应的研究,是未来10 年地球系统科学研究的前沿领域和高优先研究主题。本文系统解析了特大城市群地区城镇化与生态环境交互耦合效应的基本理论框架。首先从理论上分析了特大城市群系统各自然要素和人文要素交互作用的非线性耦合关系及耦合特征,科学辨识近远程主控要素作用下城市群系统内外部各要素相互作用的胁迫强度、近远程耦合机理与规律,总结特大城市群地区城镇化与生态环境交互耦合圈理论,进一步构建多要素—多尺度—多情景—多模块—多智能体集成的时空耦合动力学模型,研发特大城市群地区可持续发展优化智能调控决策支持系统;其次从方法上将特大城市群地区视为一个开放的复杂巨系统,在建立同一标准化共享数据库的基础上,采用多要素—多目标—多模型—多情景环境下的城镇化与生态环境交互耦合集成技术方法、大数据支持下的城镇化与生态环境交互耦合技术方法,构建多尺度—多技术—多智能体集成的城镇化与生态环境交互耦合技术框架,按照分析时空演变特征—寻求主控要素—辨识耦合关系—揭示胁迫机制—发现耦合规律—筛选调控变量—求解临界阈值—进行调控试验—完成情景模拟—提出优化方案—完成情景模拟—提出优化方案—实现国家目标这样一条技术路径,提出解 决问题的整体优化方案。本文旨在为特大城市群地区由问题集中区转为可持续发展区提供理论指导和方法支撑。

关键词: 特大城市群, 城镇化, 生态环境, 交互耦合效应, 耦合圈理论框架, 技术路径

Abstract: Mega- urban agglomerations in China play a vital role in both national economic development strategies and national new-type urbanization, and undertake important historical responsibility with the world economic center transfer to China. However, they suffer a series of increasingly serious eco- environmental problems in the process of development. Thus,studies on the interactive coupled effects between urbanization and eco-environment in megaurban agglomerations are the frontier areas and high priority tasks in the earth system science for the future ten years. This paper analyses the basic theory frame of the interactive coupled effects between urbanization and eco- environment in mega- urban agglomerations systematically. In theoretical aspect, based on the nonlinear relationship and coupling characteristics of the natural and human elements in mega- urban agglomerations system, we could estimate the interactive coercing intensity, nearcoupling and telecoupling mechanism of the inside and outside mega-urban agglomerations system after scientific identification of the key elements, and then form the basic interactive coupling theory. Moreover, we could build a spatio- temporal coupling dynamic model, which is integrated with multi- elements, multiscales,multi-scenarios, multi-modules and multi-agents. The model will be used to develop the intelligent decision support system for urban agglomeration sustainable development. In methodology aspect, the mega- urban agglomeration is regarded as an open complex giant system. We should establish the standardized shared database for exploring the interactive coupled effects between urbanization and eco- environment. Then using new technology for analyzing big data and the integration methods incorporating of multi- elements, multi- scales, multi- targets, multi- agents, multi- scenarios and multi- modules, we can build a methodology framework to analyze the complex interaction coupling between urbanization and ecoenvironment. The technical route is to analyze spatiotemporal evolution characteristics, identify the key elements, interpret coupling relationship, reveal the mechanism of coercing effect, find the general rules, filtrate the control variables, solve the critical thresholds, conduct regulation experiments, simulate different scenarios, propose an optimized schemes, and achieve national goals. Furthermore, we could put forward the overall optimization scheme. In general, this research could provide theoretical guidance and method support for the transformation and sustainable development in mega-urban agglomerations.

Key words: megaurban agglomerations, urbanization, ecoenvironment, interactive coupled effects, theoretical framework, methodology